(Above: Staphylococcus bacteria)
Impetigo- The Basics
- It is a bacterial infection of the skin caused by either the streptococcus or staphylococcus bacteria.
- It affects the integumentary system.
- It is an acute infection.
- It is not lethal.
- Small, itchy red sores on the skin.
- Can ooze and look crusty.
- Easily increases in number and size- spreads quickly.
A blood agar plate containing streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria.
- Can be caused by either streptococcus or staphylococcus bacteria.
- It is easily treated by an antibiotic ointment (for minor cases) or by antibiotic pills (for severe cases). The ointment is placed on the infected area as prescribed for about a week. The pills are taken as prescribed for about a week. After such week the sores should be completely gone.
How Common Is It?
- It is extremely common in the US with over 3 million cases per year.
- Northern Europe has recently experienced a rise in impetigo cases through the past 10 years.
- In Africa, impetigo is the 30th most common skin infection.
- It is most commonly found in children rather than in adults.
- Rørtveit, Sverre, Dag Harald Skutlaberg, Nina Langeland, and Guri Rortveit. "The Decline of the Impetigo Epidemic Caused by the Epidemic European Fusidic Acid-resistant Impetigo Clone: An 11.5-year Population-based Incidence Study from a Community in Western Norway." Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. Informa Healthcare, Dec. 2014. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.
- "Impetigo - Topic Overview." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.
- Hees, Colette Van., and B. Naafs. Common Skin Diseases in Africa: An Illustrated Guide. Voorburg: Van Hees, 2001. Telemedicine. Telemedicine. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.
- HansN. "Beta-hemolysis." Beta Hemolysis on Blood Agar; Beta-hemolytic Colonies of Group A Streptococcus (Streptococcus Pyogenes), Beta and Gamma Hemolytic Colonies on Blood Agar. Bacteria Photos, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.