Foundations of Reform: There were some efforts of reforming American society which came from new religious movements flowing across the country. One of the movements was the Second Great Awakening which kind of like highlighted the role that individuals played in their own societies. Events in the world of the United States politics served to motivate the public as well as the American writers and artists such as Washington Irving, James Cooper, Herman Melville, Henry Longfellow, Emily Dickinson, John Audubon, Gilbert Stuart, and Matthew Brady. The election of Andrew Jackson in 1828, provided a sense of hope for all citizens. To sum up, the foundations of reform is basically the time where people believed and supported the idea of the goodness of yourself, good society, and leadership.