Elements and Principles By alyssa mawyer

Elements of Art


Line- is an element of art defined by a point moving in space. Line. may be two-or three-dimensional, descriptive, implied, or abstract.

There are a lot of different types of lines people use in art. Here are a few of them!

Example of Line

The Famous Vertical Stripes By: Gene Davis

This piece shows the element of line very well. There are a variety because they are all different colors and they might all be the same length and width but this piece is still very eye catching.


A shape is what is made when you combine different lines to make an enclosed figure.

Example of Shape

Beasts of the Sea by Henri Matlesse

This piece shoes shape very well. It has a lot of squares that also have shapes inside.


Value is what makes art look realistic. It is the mixture of dark's and lights that make up an object.

Example of Value

This photo is a great example of value because it shows the light and the dark's very well. It also shows all of the little details in the bubble.


Color is one of the most important things in art. It makes your art more personal and will help your piece to have some personality.

Example of Color

Colors of my past By: Leonid Afremov

I chose this piece for color because it has a lot of color but it also shows value very well which I think can be a very hard thing at this artist did it beautifully.


Texture is what makes your piece look even more real. It helps it become more 3 dimensional.

Example of Texture

by Christine Krainock

As you can tell by just glancing at this piece it looks 3d! The texture is amazing! I think she may have just used some very think paint to give it the feeling of it being raised.


Form is very similar to shape. it is what helps your piece look like it is 3d. .

Example of Form

This photo uses very good form. It is a swirly staircase which sometimes can hypnotize you. I think the way they achieved this was by getting it at the perfect angle.


Space is how you cover your piece. if your piece fills up the whole page than it has good space.

Example of Space

This piece is filling up the whole page but it isn't in an overwhelming way either. It is just enough black and just enough white. What do you see? 2 faces or a vase?

Principles of Art


Movement is what makes piece look as if it is moving but it is a still piece.

Example of Movement

This piece shows movement because it is going in a down wards motion. It looks like it is going far down into a black hole.


Balance is when a piece is equal on both sides.

Example of Balance

This piece has a hand on both sides and they look almost identical. The petals and sun rays are also equal.


Unity is what brings a piece of art together. It makes everything feel like it belongs.

This piece shows movement because everything almost looks identical. All of the cones and ice creams are perfectly layered and it shows unity.


Emphasis is what grabs your attention in a piece.

Example of Emphasis

In this piece the first thing you see is the tree. It is the spot that the artist wanted your eyes to go there at first. They used the color splash method and showed emphasis on the tree.


Rhythm is what indicates movement

Example of Rhythm

This shows Rhythm because it is emphasizing the movement in the picture.


Contrast is the lights and darks of a picture that makes it have value.

Example of Contrast

This piece shows really good value because it has lights and dark's and it has sharp clean lines.

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