Diabetes Jack mansfield and jack saviLle

The body system that is affected

The endocrine, cardiovascular, nervous, and urinary systems are affected by diabetes

The body parts involved

The heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, stomach, skin, and mouth are involved by diabetes.

The effects of diabetes

Excessive thirst or urination, fatigue, obesity, and blurred vision. High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and damaged blood vessels.

The dangers of diabetes

Heart and blood vessel disease, nerve damage (neuropathy), kidney damage (nephropathy), eye damage, foot damage, hearing impairment, skin conditions, and Alzheimer's disease.

Treatments and potential cures

Healthy eating, regular exercise, possibly a diabetes medication or insulin therapy, and blood sugar monitoring. Some treatments for type 2 diabetes are metformin, sulfonylureas, meglitinides, and insulin therapy.

Description of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

There are two major types of diabetes. In type 1 (fomerly called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent) diabetes, the body completely stops producing any insulin, a hormone that enables the body to use glucose found in foods for energy. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to survive. This form of diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but can occur at any age. Type 2 (formerly called adult-onset or non insulin-dependent) diabetes results when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin and/or is unable to use insulin properly (insulin resistance). This form of diabetes usually occurs in people who are over 40, overweight, and have a family history of diabetes, although today it is increasingly occurring in younger people, particularly adolescents.

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