Deciduous forest North eastern america

The eastern deciduous forest is composed of a remarkable diversity of landscapes and ecosystems that differ to some extent in vegetation, soil and wildlife. Throughout the eastern deciduous forest, mature trees range in height from 18 to 30 meters. Rolling hills characterize most of the area, but some parts are nearly flat and the Appalachian Mountain range, which extends from Labrador in Canada to Alabama in the United States, reaches around 900 meters. A patchwork of fields, wetlands, streams and ponds embellish this landscape. Like all temperate forests, the eastern deciduous forest has cold winters, but mild autumns and springs and long, warm summers. The average annual temperature is between 39 and 59 degrees fahrenheit. Precipitation is highly variable across this extensive region, but is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Up to 60 inches falls annually in the southern Appalachian Mountains but this drops to less than 30 inches where the forest gives way to grassland. Soils also vary throughout the forest, but in general are highly fertile

Climatogram for North eastern Deciduous forsest

deciduous forest definitely don't have the most net primary productivity, but there is a considerable amount. there are all sorts of species and the forest are habitats for millions of animals, insects and different microbes, All living and working together. the climate varies considerable in different and also at different times during the year. about a 3rd of the year is available for the growing season. There is a good amount of rainfall, but there is so much life there it just used up and out to use. Deciduous temperate forests are found on multiple continents, approximately covering 22% of the earth's land surface. a considerable amount as compared to tropical rain forest and even estuaries. but no where near that of the deserts and immense oceans.

Invasive species: Beginning in the early 1990s, the Asian gypsy moth has reached North America on both western and eastern seaboards several times as egg masses on ships. Each time, emergency control programs succeeded in eradicating the moth. Beginning in 1992, the Canadian Food Inspection Service and USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service required that ships that had visited infested ports in the Russian Federation undergo inspection and other measures to ensure that no Asian gypsy moth egg masses are present.
Endangered Species: Gray and Red Wolves Wolves, once one of the widest-ranging predators in the deciduous forest, have now virtually disappeared from Europe, and have highly reduced ranges in North America. The gray wolf, which once ranged from the East Coast of America to the West, and south to Mexico, now has a population of only 5,000 in the lower 48 states, mostly in the Rocky Mountains. Conservationists have made efforts to preserve the gray wolf's habitat in the United States by protecting open ranges where wolves are able to move freely and hunt. The smaller red wolf, native to the southeastern United States, was declared extinct in the wild in 1980, though conservation efforts have reintroduced small captive populations to the wild in California.

More than 110 species of tree occur in the eastern deciduous forest, of which about 75 percent are deciduous. In each region of the forest, different trees dominate.

The northern hardwood forest, around the Canadian border, is dominated by yellow birch, American beech and sugar maple . Two conifers, eastern hemlock and white pine grow abundantly among the broad-leaved species. In autumn, this region can be the most beautiful, as it turns into a patchwork of reds and oranges.

In the north-central forest region, often known as the beech-maple forest, American beech and sugar maple continue to dominate, and can comprise up to 90 percent of the trees.

The oak-hickory forests are the most common type within the eastern deciduous forest, which is dominated by hickory and a number of oaks including the northern red oak and white oak, the latter of which enjoys one of the widest ranges of any tree species in eastern North America.

In addition to this, hundreds of wildflowers and other herbaceous and woody species blanket the forest floor

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