More than 110 species of tree occur in the eastern deciduous forest, of which about 75 percent are deciduous. In each region of the forest, different trees dominate.
The northern hardwood forest, around the Canadian border, is dominated by yellow birch, American beech and sugar maple . Two conifers, eastern hemlock and white pine grow abundantly among the broad-leaved species. In autumn, this region can be the most beautiful, as it turns into a patchwork of reds and oranges.
In the north-central forest region, often known as the beech-maple forest, American beech and sugar maple continue to dominate, and can comprise up to 90 percent of the trees.
The oak-hickory forests are the most common type within the eastern deciduous forest, which is dominated by hickory and a number of oaks including the northern red oak and white oak, the latter of which enjoys one of the widest ranges of any tree species in eastern North America.
In addition to this, hundreds of wildflowers and other herbaceous and woody species blanket the forest floor