Easter Island is a Polynesian Island from Chili. It’s laying next to the big ocean and has a surface area of 163,3 km². The capital of Easter Island is Hanga Roa. the highest point of the whole island is Maunga Terevaka.
The name originates from Jacob roggeveen, who visit the island in 1722, on easter sunday 5 april with his three ships. The island has also a nickname, what is Rapa Nui, what means big rock. The island can thank this name to the sailors from Tahiti. the climate on easter island is subtropical, there is as twice as much rain as France. There is also a lot of wind.
Oral tradition of the Original Inhabitants of Advocate say that the chief (Hotu Matu'a) with his wife and family in Two canoes on the island arrived. There are assumed to be Polynesian. it’s not sure if this legend is true. However, there is evidence that at that time there has been contact between the Polynesians from the West and the Indians from South America. Another unresolved issue is how the two local strains have emerged, whose main distinguishing feature one with long ears and the other with short ears.
The name originates from Jacob roggeveen, who visit the island in 1722, on easter sunday 5 april with his three ships. in the literature were the first offices between 200-300 after Chr. and 700-800 after Chr. The year numbers are not exactly because all the people who lives on Easter island are extinct.
The first immigrants found a paradise. The island was to provide a large rainforest and concerned residents to raw materials, cords and canoes. The many birds that lived in the forest provided the residents of food. The climate and the fish-rich waters around the island made a nice living environment.
3. the maoi sculptures
A long time ago there was living a folk, that made those sculptures around the 11th century. Why they’ve build these sculptures, we don’t know. scientists think it is to keep enemies away, but it could also be that there were matches about who makes the best one. scientists als don’t now how the people came there, or how they moved those big sculptures, cause they are made of stone out of a volcano.
According to the descriptions of Roggeveen lived two groups of the island: Polynesians and 'whites'. This whites were the long ears, ook called Hanau Epe, who the Moai statues built. The two communities lived together in peace on the island. Research shows that the island of human habitation was completely forested, but when it Roggeveen discovered there was virtually no tree to be found. It is generally assumed that the trees felled for Were Moving the huge stone heads placed on the island, to build houses and the construction of canoes to fish.
Although many scientists get it but do not agree on the time period in the first-which people on the island, most sources Seem to talk about the thirteenth century. It has discovered that this first colonization comes from Polynesia, and That with big boats and many people deliberately colonized the island.
Easter Island belongs to a special ecoregion which has its own character. Research showed that the island before the arrival of the Polynesian immigrants was covered with forests, bushes, ferns and grasses. There grew a mimosa-like tree, the Toromiro. The last surviving plant was observed by Carl Skottsberg in 1917 in the crater of the volcano Rano Kau. This copy survived until 1960. Seeds of this plant were collected by Thor Heyerdahl in 1956, ended up at Gothenburg Botanical Garden and Kew Gardens. This botanical gardens have jointly developed a scientific program for the reintroduction of the Toromiro on Easter Island
Furthermore, there grew a large, now extinct species of palm tree, Paschalococos disperta. This was one of the most common species of trees. These trees reached after about one hundred years their greatest height. Probably played the Polynesian rat was the culprit in the disappearance of these Easter Island palm. It turned out that almost all of the references palm seeds were gnawed. As a result, the wood could not rejuvenate. Partly because of logging, this led to around 1650 the forest was completely gone.
Because the forest with trees disappeared, there was less rainfall. In 1868 a start was made with the production of sheep and this led to the island around 1950 was largely covered with grasses and sedges.Further research shows that the island had a very rich seabird population in prehistoric times. There were also land birds, two species of water rails, two species of parrots and a heron species that are now extinct. On the main island seabird colonies are now no more.
1. The biggest crowd pullers of Easter are of course the Moai. These hundreds of sculptures are scattered around the coastline of the island. Each small village does have an ahu (a stone altar on which the sculptures were posted) and some Moai. Each year only 40,000 tourists visit the island for this.
2. Two other places that you should have definitely seen the craters Rano Kau and Rano Raraku. A climb to the top of the volcano Rano Raraku and the descent into the crater is worth it. You can then walk to the opposite lip of the crater where you can find most of the Moai, it is one of the most beautiful places on the island. Rano Kau is also a extinct volcano. This crater has filled with rainwater and offers breathtaking and unearthly views.
3. One aspect of Easter which is often overlooked, but no less beautiful, is the extensive cave complex beneath the island. There are a number of official caves that are interesting, but the best caves to explore yourself, can be found near Ana Kakenga. The entrances to these caves are often small and difficult to find, but soon to extend the course to a deep underground rooms, but very dark inside.