Abrahamic Religions A project by Hannah Rinchich

Over the years, there has been many different religions people have chosen to believe in. It used to be the norm to believe in multiple gods controlling multiple aspects of the world, but now many religions nowadays only seem to follow one. But how can that be? It began with a man named Abraham in the Middle East. He believed there was only God, and others followed suit albeit in different ways which caused the creation of new religions. Here you can learn a few basic things about the main three abrahamic religions.

JUDAISM

  • Judaism was the first of the three, starting in the year 1812 BC in the Middle East.
  • Moses is their main prophet
  • The Torah is their religious text
  • Saturday is their holy day
  • Worship is conducted in synagogues being led by Rabbis
  • The three types are Orthodox (extremely traditional), Conservative (mostly traditional but adapted a bit to modern day), and Reform (mixed in 19th century with European enlightenment ideas)
  • Important Jewish holidays are: Hanukkah, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Shemini Atzeret, Tu B'Shevat, Purim, Passover, Shavuot, and Tisha B'Av
Star of David (left), Hamesh Hand (center), Menorah (right)

Christianity

  • Christianity was the second of the three Abrahamic religions
  • Jesus is their main prophet
  • The bible is their religious text
  • Sunday is their holy day
  • Worship occurs in churches and is led by priests.
  • The types of Christianity are Copts, Maronites, Orthodox (Russian Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Greek Orthodox), Catholic (Roman Catholics and Armenian Catholics), Protestants, and Assyrians
  • Important Christian holidays are All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day, The Feast of the Annunciation, Ascension Day The Christian year, Candlemas Christmas, Corpus Christi Easter, Epiphany Guardian Angels, All Hallows' Eve Holy Week, Lent Mothering Sunday, and Week of Prayer for Christian Unity Pentecost
Cross (top left), Ichthys (below cross), Anchor (right)

Islam

  • Islam is the third and final Abrahamic religion
  • Although Moses and Jesus are acknowledged as prophets of God, they do not follow their teachings. Their prophet is Muhammad.
  • The Qur'an is their holy text
  • Their holy day is Friday
  • Worship occurs at a mosque led by an Imam
  • The two types of Islam are Sunni and Shiite
  • The holidays they celebrate are Al-Hijra, Ashura, Eid ul Adha, Eid ul Fitr, Lailat al Miraj, Lailat al Qadr, Lailat ul Bara'h, Milad un Nabi, and Ramadan
Rub el Hizb (left), Star and Crescent (top right), God written in Arabic (bottom right)

Credits:

Created with images by Mark Morgan Trinidad B - "Star of David" • calamity_sal - "Menorah" • blondinrikard - "Cross" • avrene - "Ichthys" • Rudy Herman - "Crescent and star on mosque minaret" • TayebMEZAHDIA - "allah god air"

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