Location Description-Myanmar officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in South East Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. About one-third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 miles), forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 miles) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census revealed a much lower population than expected, with 51 million people recorded. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres (261,227 sq mi) in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw and its largest city is Yangon.
Major Cities-Yangon, Mandalay, Naypyidaw, Mawlamyine, Bago, Pathein, Pyay, Monywa, Meiktila, Sittwe, Mergui, Taunggyi
Animal Life-Jungle animals such as the tiger and leopard are common in Myanmar. Among the larger native animals, found mainly in the highlands of Upper Myanmar, are the elephant, rhinoceros, wild buffalo, wild boar, and several species of deer and antelope. Elephants, tamed or bred in captivity, are used as work animals, particularly in the lumber industry. Smaller animals include the gibbon, which is a small species of ape that lives in trees, several species of monkey, the wildcat, the flying fox, and the tapir. Myanmar has 999 known varieties of birds, including parrots, peafowl, pheasants, crows, herons, and paddybirds. Among typical reptiles are crocodiles, geckos, cobras, pythons, and turtles. Edible species of freshwater fish are plentiful.
Typical Plant Life-Forests cover 52 percent of Myanmar. In Lower Myanmar, the dense tropical forests contain extensive stands of timber and oil-bearing trees, including commercially valuable teak forests. Other trees include rubber, cinchona, acacia, bamboo, ironwood, mangrove, coconut, betel palm, and, chiefly in the northern highlands, oak, pine, and many species of rhododendron. Tropical fruits such as citrus, bananas, mangoes, and guavas grow in the coastal regions. Vegetation in the arid regions is sparse and stunted. One consequence of Myanmar's slow economic growth has been the preservation of much of the natural environment.
Climate-Myanmar has a tropical monsoon climate. It is characterized by strong monsoon influences, has a considerable amount of sun, a high rate of rainfall, and high humidity that makes it sometimes feel quite uncomfortable. The annual average temperature ranges from 22 degrees Celcius (72° Fahrenheit) to 27 degrees Celcius (81° Fahrenheit) year-round. There are three distinct seasons in Myanmar: The cold and dry season, from November to February, with average monthly temperatures of between 20°C and 24°C. The hot-dry season from March to April with average monthly temperatures between 30°C and 35°C. The wet season between May and October with average temperature between 25°C and 30°C. Annual rainfall in the delta region is approximately 2,500 millimetres (Yangon 2700 mm), while average annual rainfall in the Dry Zone is less than 1,000 millimetres (Mandalay 840 mm), the coastal regions receiving over 5,000 millimetres of rain annually.
Major Agriculture Products-Agriculture in Myanmar or Burma is the main industry in the country, accounting for 60 percent of the GDP and employing some 65 percent of the labour force. Burma was once Asia's largest exporter of rice, and rice remains the country's most crucial agricultural commodity.
Natural resources-Include gems, industrial minerals, oil, and offshore natural gas reserves estimated at 10 trillion cubic feet. The extractive sector accounted for 39 percent of exports in 2010, yet despite its mineral wealth, Myanmar is one of the least developed nations in the world. Its extractive industries are infamously opaque. In the April 2012 elections, the main opposition party won seats in the parliament, a development that could lead to improved transparency.
Mountains-Burma is characterised by its central lowlands with the Sittaung Valley and Chindwin Valley and the small mountain ranges of Zeebyu Taungdan, Min-wun Taungdan, Hman-kin Taungdan and Gangaw Taungdan as well as the Bago Yoma (Pegu Range), a relatively low mountain chain between the Irrawaddy and the Sittaung River in central Burma. The Central Valley Region is limited by steep, rugged highlands in the North, where ranges at the southern end of the Hengduan System form the border between Burma and China. Hkakabo Razi, the country's highest point at 5,881 m (19,295 ft), is located at the northern end of the country. This mountain is part of a series of parallel ranges that run from the foothills of the Himalaya through the border areas with Assam, Nagaland and Mizoram.
Main Peaks-Hkakabo Razi, Gamlang Razi, Saramati, Hkaru Bum, Bumhpa Bum, Hkangri Bum, Shan-ngaw Bum, Langhtam Razi, Nin-gun Bum, Mol Len, Abawm Bum, Sahton Bum, Nat Ma Taung, Kahtaung Bam, Hkawk Bam, Wapawnaung Bum, Kanikana Bum, Kennedy Peak (Burma), Sapa Bum, Sangpang Bum, Longadang Bum, Tamihkat Razi, Loi Leng, Mong Ling Shan, Nattaung, Hkamon Bum, Loi Pangnao, Shingrup Bum, Senam Bum, Zungon Razi, Kayunghang Bum, Nakthar Razi, Noi Hkam, Kakma Bum, Tanghku Bum, Loi Lan, Chikachi Bum, Mela Taung, Myinmoletkat Taung, Mulayit Taung, Loi Hkilek, Nawnghoi, Mawhpung Bum, Loi Un-awm, Naupau Pum, Sharong Bum, Mount Popa, Mount Kyaiktiyo, Mowdok Mual, Zwekabin Taung