Nordic Model Governments- Scandinavia is made of Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland. They share many similarities but also have differences. For example, Iceland, does not offer as many free services as Finland. Given the amount of services offered, in relation to the taxes paid, I feel the Nordic Model is inefficient. Due to the government provided services in exchange for taxes, I would classify the Nordic model as a democratic socialist chain of communities. In comparison, the US model is a combination of socialism and capitalism. The US is a free market economy where supply and demand determines the prices of goods and services.
Government Assistance- The Nordic model typically offers free healthcare and dental care. However, the trade off is longer wait times to see a physician. The Nordic model offers free schooling, free daycare, and a stipend for those attending college. In the US model healthcare is only free to the very poor or indigent. Most Americans have private insurance through their companies. School is free from first grade through twelfth grade. Daycare is not free but the government offers a tax deduction for daycare costs. In the US, college is privately paid for, but scholarships are available to those that qualify either financially or academically.
Government Tax Rates - the income tax rates in Sweden are 22 percent, Norway 27 percent, Denmark 24.5 percent, Iceland is 46, and Finland is 30 to 34. As you can see, the taxes are high but they still allow the government to provide many services. In the United States, we have a graduated income tax system based on your ability to pay, the range can be from 0 to 39 percent. Americans' also can offset their tax burden through various tax deductions and credits.
Education Rankings-Finland is rated by the UK as having the 2nd best education system with Norway at 9th. Denmark 19th, Sweden 15th, and Iceland at 13th according to their study. The United states ranked 12th.
Free Services-Sweden and Finland also provide free education and free meals for students attending the full time. They rely on a publicly funded health care system which is provided by the local government. As for paternity leave fathers, they can take 1 to 2 weeks of paternity leave while mothers can take maternity leave for up to 105 days. In addition they can receive an allowance based on their profit basis after maternity parental leave is 133 days plus 50 per child. Lastly, they get free child care.
America-offers primary and secondary education for grades 0-12, subsides of college education unemployment and disability, and housing, nutrition, and continuing education, for low wage and the unemployed. The United States provides 45 million citizens with food stamps and other subsides for elderly and the unemployed. The United States also provides Medicare and Medicaid, to help with health insurance costs.
Sweden- offers nearly the same services as listed for Finland. The main difference would be related to paternity leave
Iceland-Issues education materials free of charge, however, only some state-owned institutions will offer free education, as they may have different policies. An example, would be a student may have to pay for a dorm. Eighty-five percent of the health care is also paid by the state. For paternity leave, fathers may take 101 days off.
Aurora borealis common in Iceland
Denmark-Healthcare is financed through income taxes (very expensive) education for the highest education is free but some Danish citizens prefer private schools.
Norway-Health care is "Free" with doctors charging consults, but public education for the most part is free. On the bright side fathers get 12 weeks paid paternity leave.
3 Pros of the Nordic Model-The Nordic Model often gives paid paternity leave to its citizens, Cheap health care, and cheap educations.
3 Cons of the Nordic Model-Extremely high taxes, low amounts of tax payers, Low options for diversity (Entrepreneurs).
3 Pros for the US- are less expensive goods, cultural and financial Diversity, access better services.
3 Cons for the US -racial and political tension, unequal distribution of goods and services, disproportionate tax burden.