Juana, the daughter of Fernando and Isabel, married Marries Felipe (el Hermoso.) Marries Felipe was from the powerful and rich family of Habsburg. The kingdom of Spain is in the Habsburg family for a long time. She married Felipe for money and power. Juana was known as "la Loca." This is because legend says that when Felipe died she kissed his coffin while walking through the streets of Granada.
El Greco was a painter from Greece. He quit his job and traveled to Spain in search of a job to decorate the El Escorial. Felipe didn't like his style so said he could not. El Greco was mad. He moved to Toledo and hits it big there. Since he was mad he paints pictures making fun of Felipe and his power
Isabel II rules Spain during political turmoil starting in 1833. The Carlists who supported Fernando's brother kept opposing her authority. The fought against liberal supporter of Isabel in many "Guerras Carlistas." She is removed from power in 1868 by the "Glorious Revolution. A new experiment is tested out. King Amado of Saboya who Italian rules from 1870-1873.
This picture is of a young Alfonso XIII. He was the son of Alfonso XII who reigned from 1875-1885. He started to rule in 1902-1931. During the time between his reign and his own his mother was regent. During this time Spain lost the remaining of its colonies and was embarrassed by military defeats in Morocco.