The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order Chapter 2: Civilizations in History and Today

In this chapter, one things that was very interesting to me were the distinctions between civilizations in the singular and plural. With a singular civilization, it is being shown that there is only one civilization, which is incorrect to me. If there is only one civilization, how are everyone so different? And why are there differences amongst us if we are all considered one civilization?

Considering all of the differences amongst civilizations, Huntington was trying to prove another point. If we are all so different,why are the distinctions between some countries involve mechanics, technology, material factors, and culture (including values, ideals, and the moral qualities of society). This means that just because you and another country share some of same material things, doesn't mean that you two are similar as a whole. For example, say we have a lot of oil in one of our states. And Mexico has just as much oil in their country. We wouldn’t go around saying we are similar just because we share oil, it's more to it than just material things.

Physical appearance of a group of individuals.

On the other hand, physical appearances also don't have an effect on how close you and another person are to each other. Some of the crucial distinctions such as certain values, beliefs, institutions and social structures matter rather than the physical size, skin color, or head shape. This means that if someone with the same skin color as me, or someone with the same religious beliefs as me were to get into something, I would side with the Christian because that has more depth than the color of my skin. Same goes for social structures. Us humans will side with our beliefs rather than us having the similar physical qualities. Well, at least that is how it is supposed to be. Things change due to how big racism is nowadays.

Countries that share the same beliefs, yet have different physical appearances.

Also, cultures tend to be long-lived, and adapt and evolve as time goes by. No culture actually does a complete 360 when dealing with their beliefs. I say this because some of the cultures that are around today wouldn't be around if they changed that much. If any culture was to change then it would take away the uniqueness of that specific culture. Empires fall, and politics change often, but cultures are and will always be here forever.

Huntington, S. P. (1996). The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order. New York: Simon & Schuster.

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