The American Government And it's branches

Three Branches of Government

Judicial

The Judicial branch is in charge of deciding the meaning of laws and how to apply them to real situations, and weather to break the laws of the constitution. The supreme court is the highest court in the United States. The people who make up the Judicial branch are chosen by the president and confirmed by the senate. There are usually 8 justices and one chief justice.

-The process of the Judicial branch is to make sure that every person accused of a crime or wrong doing has the right of a fair trial before a judge and a jury. Some amendments in the constitution provide rules.-

-A guarantee that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without the due process of law

-Protection against being tried for the same crime twice ("double jeopardy")

-The right to a speedy trial by an impartial jury

-The right to cross-examine witnesses, and to call witnesses to support their case

-The right to legal representation

-The right to avoid self-incrimination

-Protection from excessive bail, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punishments

Legislative

This branch is made up of two houses of congress; the Senate and the House of Representatives. The job of the Legislative branch is to make laws, laws are then sent to the Congress to be voted on. The Senate is made up of 100 people, two from each state. There is 435 people in the house of Representatives; which is based on population of each state.

The process-

-Introduction of the bill to Congress. Anyone can write it, but only members of the Congress can introduce it to Legislative.

-After the bill is introduced, committees then review it and edit the bill.

-If a full committee votes to approve the law, its reported to the floor of the House or Senate.

-Later, it's waiting to be considered and the house has a very strict process with the members and finally the bill must pass both houses of Congress to be sent to the president for consideration. The president has the decision to veto it, approve, or decline the bill. If he signs it, it becomes law.

Executive

The power of the Executive Branch is in the President of the United States, who acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is responsible for enforcing the laws and signing for laws. The vice president would become the President if some were to happen to the current one. They advise the Senate and the president. The cabinet is made up of 15 different departments and all of them have to be approved by the Senate.

Departments of the Cabinet-

-Justice (1789)

-State (1789)

-Treasury (1789)

-Interior (1849)

-Agriculture (1889)

-Commerce (1903; originally included Labor)

-Labor (1913)

-Defense (1947)

-Health and Human Services (1953)

-Housing and Urban Development (1965)

-Transportation (1967)

-Energy (1977)

-Education (1979)

-Homeland Security (2003)

Each branch has their own job and has strict rules. In the end they all distribute power equally because a law or bill can't be approved if it doesn't make it through one branch.

Checks and Balances was made to make sure one branch cannot have to much power.

Checks and Balances

In the picture above, it shows how each branch has the ability to make decisions and either reject or make decisions about laws or trials. Checks and Balances are designed so a branch cannot have too much power and to make sure there is a separation of power.

For example-

The legislative branch makes laws, but the President in the executive branch can veto those laws with a Presidential Veto.

The legislative branch makes laws, but the judicial branch can declare those laws unconstitutional.

The judicial branch interprets laws, but the President nominates Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges who make the evaluations.

Personal Reflection

I think the U.S government is a fair and complicated subject. Most of the branches make sense to me, the only one is Legislative that is confusing. There is so many rules and the process is very long to even be considered to go to the President to get it signed. And I wonder that have some bills been forgotten in the process or do they keep getting revised but declined by the President? The U.S government is a complicated system but it has to be in order to be efficient and fair.

Sources

"Checks and Balances." Checks and Balances. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

Davis, Katy. "Checks and Balances." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

Davis, Katy. "The Executive Branch." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

Davis, Katy. "The Judicial Branch." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

"The Executive Branch." The White House. The United States Government, 01 Apr. 2015. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

"How Do I ..." Official Guide to Government Information and Services | USA.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

"The Judicial Branch." The White House. The United States Government, 01 Apr. 2015. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

"The Legislative Branch." The White House. The United States Government, 01 Apr. 2015. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

"Three Branches of Government." Three Branches of Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

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