Three Branches of Government
The Judicial branch is in charge of deciding the meaning of laws and how to apply them to real situations, and weather to break the laws of the constitution. The supreme court is the highest court in the United States. The people who make up the Judicial branch are chosen by the president and confirmed by the senate. There are usually 8 justices and one chief justice.
-The process of the Judicial branch is to make sure that every person accused of a crime or wrong doing has the right of a fair trial before a judge and a jury. Some amendments in the constitution provide rules.-
-A guarantee that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without the due process of law
-Protection against being tried for the same crime twice ("double jeopardy")
-The right to a speedy trial by an impartial jury
-The right to cross-examine witnesses, and to call witnesses to support their case
-The right to legal representation
-The right to avoid self-incrimination
-Protection from excessive bail, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punishments
This branch is made up of two houses of congress; the Senate and the House of Representatives. The job of the Legislative branch is to make laws, laws are then sent to the Congress to be voted on. The Senate is made up of 100 people, two from each state. There is 435 people in the house of Representatives; which is based on population of each state.
-Introduction of the bill to Congress. Anyone can write it, but only members of the Congress can introduce it to Legislative.
-After the bill is introduced, committees then review it and edit the bill.
-If a full committee votes to approve the law, its reported to the floor of the House or Senate.
-Later, it's waiting to be considered and the house has a very strict process with the members and finally the bill must pass both houses of Congress to be sent to the president for consideration. The president has the decision to veto it, approve, or decline the bill. If he signs it, it becomes law.
The power of the Executive Branch is in the President of the United States, who acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is responsible for enforcing the laws and signing for laws. The vice president would become the President if some were to happen to the current one. They advise the Senate and the president. The cabinet is made up of 15 different departments and all of them have to be approved by the Senate.
Departments of the Cabinet-
-Commerce (1903; originally included Labor)
-Health and Human Services (1953)
-Housing and Urban Development (1965)
-Homeland Security (2003)