Most people are certain today's kids will see the end of the reef. By 2050 the reef could be history. The GBRMPA is taking a more moderate view to managing the reef for more generation to come. The GBRMPA have put in a six-year plan to help the reef get healthier. It has taken steps to help the more sensitive areas of the reef.
- Crown of thorns starfish. The crown of thorns starfish feeds on coral it is responsible for 25% of the reef decline in th least 30 years. Many plans have been implemented to remove these poisonous starfish from the reefs. The fact that a large female will lay up to 65 million eggs is part of why this is so difficult. Divers all year round have been dispatched to deal with and physically pull out the starfish fro the waters. A breakthrough has recently been discovered for divers to quickly cull the creatures, they inject it with a toxic and it will break apart within 24 hours. Before this breakthrough divers had to inject it more than 20 times to get the same affect.
- Pollution is contaminating the waters in the reef. When big floods occur many bad chemicals end up in the sea from towns and farms. These chemicals hurt the reef and its inhabitants. Many river leading to where the reef is are polluted heavily, most of the pollution in the rivers is from farm runoff because of some of the toxic chemicals they use for agriculture. Millions of dollars are being put into the water quality problems of the reef, this money come from Australian and Queensland governments and it goes to the reef trust.
- Climate change is bleaching coral because when the temperatures rise in the air they do the same in the ocean. The coral in reefs like to have very precise temperatures or they will not survive. Even a slight change in temperature say 1-1.5 degrees Celsius for six-weeks can cause extensive bleaching to sensitive small coral. Obviously climate change can The stopped by just Australia it must be a global project. The amount of green house gases is thought to decline because of the popularity of solar, wind and hydro for power instead of coal. Still the problem persists and will for years to come unless strict rules are put in place about our toxic emissions into the environment.
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