What is the Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution took place in the mid 1800s and early 1900s. It was a time period of advancement and the creation of many ingenious inventions, but some people debate if it was a blessing or a curse. Critics believe rapid industrial development was a curse due to things like poor working conditions and increases in slavery. Others believe the opposite is true. Rapid industrial development was a blessing for the United States because of the new machines and technology created which lead to more jobs and factories in the United States, and better transportation.
New Machines and Inventions
During the Industrial Revolution, machines allowed new ways to manufacturer goods and changed many peoples lives. The new machines, inventions, and technologies helped the United States grow. Inventions such as the conveyor belt, the loom, the steam engine, and the cotton gin helped advance industrialization and manufacturing in the United States. These inventions and advancements allowed Americans to make things more quickly and efficiently. The need for a place to house the new machines and the workers who ran them led to the development of factories.
More Job Opportunities
As more factories opened, more people were needed to run the machines. This created a large amount of job opportunities in the United States. Immigrants would come to the U.S. seeking jobs in factories. Many Irish came during the time of the Potato Famine along with German immigrants. Many factory workers chose to live in urban areas to be closer to their work. This lead to the increase of urbanization and the growth of cities.
Along with many new inventions and new job opportunities, the United States made many advancements in transportation. With the invention of the steam locomotive, railroads began to pop up all over the United States. One such railroad traveled across the Great Desert which was extremely helpful to the military. In addition to railroads, steamboats became largely popular. More canals were built and large cities grew near ports. It was now easier for Americans to travel and transport their products around the country.
Building Number 128; ca. 1904 - ca. 1908; Records of Naval Districts and Shore Establishments, Record Group 181. [Online Version, https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/building-number-128, March 9, 2017]
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