The Impact of Industrialized Societies John Arundel

The Industrial Revolution changed the lives of many while also completely altering the path society would take moving forward. The invention(s) of the cotton gin, steam engine, spinning jenny, the sewing machine, and more completely revolutionized the process of producing goods throughout manufacturing.

Spinning Jenny (pictured above)

Though the Industrial Revolution primarily impacted the working force and production, it also heavily influenced the class structure, gender roles and family dynamics, and urbanization within industrialized societies. Before the revolution, there were only considered to be 2 social classes (nobles and peasants) while after the revolution occurred there appeared to be 2 evolved classes (middle and working classes).

Child Labor (pictured above) considered apart of the Working and lower class

Gender roles were redefined during the Industrial Revolution as many women were forced to work in factories, better known as sweatshops, for long hours each day with little pay. Working conditions were extremely poor, and sickness ran rampant through factories due to the unsanitary conditions of which the spaces were kept. Women and young children were often employed in textile mills as the machines required little skill or experience and were easily operated regardless of past experience.

Women working in a standard sweatshop (above)

As child labor became restricted and outlawed throughout the 1830's, men became the dominant wage earner in individual families, while the wives stayed at home and cared for the children of the house. Women were generally denied high wages and good jobs due to the male dominance in specific fields at the time.

Young women after working a long day in a sweatshop (pictured above)

As classes began to divide and distinguish themselves within the Industrial Revolution, many saw this as an opportunity for entrepreneurship. Factory owners grew very wealthy off of the hard work done by the middle and working class laborers within the factories.

Industrialization leads to urbanization by creating economic growth and job opportunities that draw people to cities

By creating economic growth and opportunities for individuals who were not of high social status, it is a pull factor for rural residents to flock to cities in an effort to find work with good pay. Industrialization begins when a factory or working space in officially opened for work, creating a large demand for work and employees. By demanding factory labor, many non-wealthy people begin to find themselves living in quickly developing areas.

Industrialized city (above)
Created By
John Arundel

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