Be physically active
Everyone knows exercise is important to staying healthy. But if you try working out at the gym and discover that you don’t like it, don’t force yourself to go to the gym. Instead, find an activity that you enjoy. If you like to walk, take a walk around the block or go hiking; if you like to play tennis, find a partner and play a match; if you enjoy gardening, go plant some flowers. Swimming and running might be better for you than gardening or playing tennis, but if you don’t have a pool or you can’t run, do what you can. The key is not how you exercise, but that you do something that requires activity.
Stay intellectually active
Intellectual stimulation should be engaging and fun. Choose something that is new and different and requires focus and brain power. Learn a new skill and expand your horizons. Whatever the activity, it should be exciting to you. In other words, choose something that speaks to you. If you like puzzles, learn to play chess; if you like to garden, become a master gardener; if you like to be in the kitchen, take a cooking class. Not sure what to do? Do a little bit of everything, and something will pique your interest.
Manage your diet
If food and eating are important to you, pay attention to tasting your food. Be mindful and appreciate the distinctions of flavor and taste. The best food critics are not overweight because they love their food in a different way than most of us do. They savor every bite, every portion, every experience. They appreciate the nuances. Learn to recognize food that is good for you and tastes good. If something tastes really good to you, eat it. If you love a chocolate bar, enjoy every bite of it, but don’t eat 20 of them. If you take the time to savor your food, you will come to truly appreciate taste instead of quantity.
Sleep is important
Sleep is important, but artificially induced sleep may not be. Try to avoid sleep medicines — they can cause tremendous problems, including the risk of falling. Managing sleep is just as important as managing diet and exercise.