HEPHAESTUS is the God of volcanoes, fire, metalworking, stone masonry, forges and the art of sculpture. He was a smithing god, making all of the weapons for Olympus and acting as a blacksmith for the gods. He had his own palace on Olympus where he made many clever inventions and automatons of metal to work for him.
Roman equivalent: Vulcan
Parents: Zeus and Hera(or just Hera alone) Hephaestus gained revenge against Hera for rejecting him by making her a magical golden throne, which, when she sat on it, did not allow her to stand up.
Siblings: Ares, Eileithyia, Enyo, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Hebe, Hermes, Heracles, Helen of Troy, Perseus, Minos, the Muses, the Graces
Wife: Aphrodite. Zeus forced Aphrodite to marry Hepestus to prevent a war between the Gods for her hand. And Aglaea
Children: Thalia, Eucleia, Eupheme, Philophrosyne, Cabeiri and Euthenia
He is similar to Athena in his giving skill and help to mortals – in his case artists. It was believed that Hephaestus taught men the arts alongside Athena. But he was also considered far inferior to the goddess of wisdom.
Facts about HEPHAESTUS
- Hephaestus was the only ugly god among perfectly beautiful immortals.
- His forge or workshop was located under a volcano, and the work he did within it caused frequent eruptions.
- In his workshop, Hephaestus had assistants who were made out of gold and who helped him with his work.
- Hephaestus was born deformed and was cast out of heaven by one or both of his parents when they noticed that he was imperfect.
- He was a kind and peace-loving god.
- He was worshipped primarily in Athens, where he had a temple.
- He rode on the back of a donkey or in a magical winged chair.
- Erichthonius was the son of Hephaestus: he was half man, half serpent.
Things he crafted
- Hephaestus manufactured the aegis (or shield) that Athena is known for carrying.
- The arrows of Eros (known also as Cupid) were fashioned by Hephaestus.
- Hephaestus was known for making a gold basket that Europa, daughter of the King of Sidon, used to gather flowers when she happened upon Zeus in the meadow.
- Hephaestus crafted the armor that Achilles wore in the Trojan War. The same arms, despite their connection to divinity, brought about the death of Ajax.
- Aphrodite gave Harmonia an extraordinary necklace made by Hephaestus. The piece of jewelry brought disaster to later generations
He also made
- Apollo's chariot
- Helios's chariot
- Demeter's sickle(sword)
- Aphrodite's golden girdle
- Hades' cap of invisibility
- Agamemnon's scepter
- Zeus' thunderbolts
- Poseidon's trident
- Olympians' homes
- 12 golden Olympian thrones
- The bows of Artemis and Apollo
- Athena's spear
- Hermes' winged helmet and sandals
- The Aegis breastplate
Symbols of Hephaestus