HEPHAESTUS By: GIANLUCA

HEPHAESTUS is the God of volcanoes, fire, metalworking, stone masonry, forges and the art of sculpture. He was a smithing god, making all of the weapons for Olympus and acting as a blacksmith for the gods. He had his own palace on Olympus where he made many clever inventions and automatons of metal to work for him.

Roman equivalent: Vulcan

Family:

Parents: Zeus and Hera(or just Hera alone) Hephaestus gained revenge against Hera for rejecting him by making her a magical golden throne, which, when she sat on it, did not allow her to stand up.

Siblings: Ares, Eileithyia, Enyo, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Hebe, Hermes, Heracles, Helen of Troy, Perseus, Minos, the Muses, the Graces

Wife: Aphrodite. Zeus forced Aphrodite to marry Hepestus to prevent a war between the Gods for her hand. And Aglaea

Children: Thalia, Eucleia, Eupheme, Philophrosyne, Cabeiri and Euthenia

He is similar to Athena in his giving skill and help to mortals – in his case artists. It was believed that Hephaestus taught men the arts alongside Athena. But he was also considered far inferior to the goddess of wisdom.

Facts about HEPHAESTUS

  • Hephaestus was the only ugly god among perfectly beautiful immortals.
  • His forge or workshop was located under a volcano, and the work he did within it caused frequent eruptions.
  • In his workshop, Hephaestus had assistants who were made out of gold and who helped him with his work.
  • Hephaestus was born deformed and was cast out of heaven by one or both of his parents when they noticed that he was imperfect.
  • He was a kind and peace-loving god.
  • He was worshipped primarily in Athens, where he had a temple.
  • He rode on the back of a donkey or in a magical winged chair.
  • Erichthonius was the son of Hephaestus: he was half man, half serpent.

Things he crafted

  • Hephaestus manufactured the aegis (or shield) that Athena is known for carrying.
  • The arrows of Eros (known also as Cupid) were fashioned by Hephaestus.
  • Hephaestus was known for making a gold basket that Europa, daughter of the King of Sidon, used to gather flowers when she happened upon Zeus in the meadow.
  • Hephaestus crafted the armor that Achilles wore in the Trojan War. The same arms, despite their connection to divinity, brought about the death of Ajax.
  • Aphrodite gave Harmonia an extraordinary necklace made by Hephaestus. The piece of jewelry brought disaster to later generations

He also made

  • Apollo's chariot
  • Helios's chariot
  • Demeter's sickle(sword)
  • Aphrodite's golden girdle
  • Hades' cap of invisibility
  • Agamemnon's scepter
  • Zeus' thunderbolts
  • Poseidon's trident
  • Olympians' homes
  • 12 golden Olympian thrones
  • The bows of Artemis and Apollo
  • Athena's spear
  • Hermes' winged helmet and sandals
  • The Aegis breastplate

Symbols of Hephaestus

  • Hammer
  • Tongs
  • Anvil

Credits:

https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net/gods/hephaestus/ http://www.theoi.com/Olympios/HephaistosFavour.html#Harmonia http://www.shmoop.com/hephaestus-vulcan/

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