Ronald Reagan During the cold war

Ronald Reagan before the Cold War: Reagan was an actor who strongly disliked communism throughout his life even before he became president. As a young actor in Hollywood he believed communist actors should not be allowed to be shown on television or to the public, and that they should not even be in this free country. From 1947 to 1952 and 1959 to 1960 Reagan was the president of the Screen Actors Guild, a popular group of actors and actresses. This group contained 10 so-called communists who were blackmailed called "The Hollywood Ten."

Reagan in the '50's - '60's

"Peace through Strength" was Reagan's motto stating he wanted a peaceful world.

Taking Office: Ronald Reagan took office in 1981 as the 39th president, after Jimmy Carter.

The Cold War was "Good versus Evil, Right against Wrong." Ronald Reagan

Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) aka Star Wars: The SDI was a program made under the account of Reagan on March 23, 1983. It was an "anti-ballistic missile system." This was a system that was imagined to defend the United States against missile attacks from other countries. The system was given the nickname Star Wars because of it science fiction resembling features (including lasers.) The government set aside $26 billion to make the system, but scientists could not fulfill what Reagan was looking for. The system was never made, but the U.S.A. still used it as a threat to Russia by saying it was up and running.

The Reagan Doctrine: The Reagan Doctrine was Reagan's plan to make Central America anti-communist. The overall goal was to make the countries hate Russia and become a communist-free area. Reagan stopped at no standards to make sure these countries would believe the U.S.A. was right, including agreeing with non-communist countries that violated citizens rights (including El Salvador.) Reagan also hired the anti-communist guerrillas, people who had been secretly trained by the government, to fight people in countries including Nicaragua, El Salvador, Grenada, and Guatemala.

The Iron-Contra Affair: The Iron-Contra Affair was when the scandal of the anti-communist guerrillas was found out by the public. Beforehand, Reagan had ordered the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to spend $20 million to secretly arm and train these "guerrillas" (while they were getting paid.) Reagan said when the news hit the public "We did not -repeat- did not trade weapons or anything else for hostages nor will we." "[The U.S.A.} had nothing to do with other countries or their shipment of arms."

The United States of American and Soviet Union Relations: In the 1980's three Russian leaders died, making Mikhail Gorbachev the leader in 1985. He started a new Russian policy named "glasnost" or "openness" which allowed more freedom to the press and the people in the Soviet Union. Many things were changed by this including not having anymore rigged elections.

"We cannot remain a major power in world affairs unless we put our domestic house in order." -Mikhail Gorbachev

The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty): The INF Treaty was a treaty agreed by with Ronald Reagan, the US President, and Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Union ruler. It eliminated medium-range nuclear forces which led to many missiles ordered to be taken out of Europe. Instead of bombing and destroying another city, this was the only treaty where missiles were ordered to be deconstructed.

In 1988, Reagan said, "[When asked if the Soviet Union was a threat] No. I was talking about another time, another era."


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