Television Production Timothee de Saint Germain

What impact has developing technology had on the relationship between the media and audiences? It's has changed enormously because the audience has now changed from adults to seniors, adults, teenagers and children. It is now easier to access media than ever before, anybody interested can access media in many different ways.

Happy Days Series (Fronzie Saves the Day): Acting was not great (forced emphasis on smiles and laughter), Laugh track added onto the forced feeling., mostly wide angle (cinematography was weird), Most of the shots were in one angle and were long shots. It consisted of slow cuts and pans.

The Next Step: looked like Reality TV with things like on going commentaries from cast members, Acting felt forced ( It was over dramatised which created tension. ), Intro was derible, They interview the cast asking them questions about how they felt when they were in that situation and review the thoughts they had.

  • Edit Live
  • Everyone has to be on the ball
  • Control room is also known as the gallery
  • Lights on a stand is a hazard
  • Rehearsing is key: RX=rehearse
  • TX=Transmission dates
  • You can never re do anything (it's all live)
  • PA: Calls in the shots (Script: the Camera)
  • Vision Mixer: Switches between the feeds and choosing que graphics
  • Floor Manager: makes sure everything runs smoothly on the studio floor and points at the ques: for the "Host"
  • VT: videotape: pre recorded, gives the studio time to relax (10-30s)
  • Qualities for success: communication, trust, concentration, teamwork, calm
  • Pressure points: Start and end (because there is so much going on)
  • SM: Sound Mixer

Cultivation Theory and Mean World Syndrome

Cultivation theory was a theory composed originally by D. Gerbner and later expanded upon by gerbner and gross (1976 - Living with the television: the violence profil Journal of Communication, 26, 76

Leading to Mean world syndrome:

Cultivation theory states that high frequency viewers of television are more susceptible to media messages and the belief that they are valid. Heavy viewers are exposed to more violence and therefore are affected by the Mean World Syndrome, the belief that the world is a far worse and dangerous place than it actually is.

The Bridge:

How does the TV show affirm mean world syndrome?

They have a lot of close ups of the hands and the imagery is very dark making it hard to see what is happening. The music adds a lot of suspense. There were a lot of silhouettes and the camera is often out of focus making it hard to see. The bad guy had black leather gloves. These kind of gloves are generally used for dangerous and mean characters.

  • Audience Research
  • Have research question
  • Quantitative, qualitative Information/Data
  • Subject
  • No copywriting
  • Target audience
  • Make a survey?
  • Primary and secondary research
  1. Analysis
  2. Understand
  3. Demographics (Y10, SIS, Gender)
  4. Interest
  5. Environment (Influence their habits)
  6. Needs
  7. Customized
  8. Expectations

How to find your audience?

  • Program Title
  • Target audience in mind
  • Are the viewers relaxed or engaged
  • Don’t stereotype
  1. What is the purpose of your research?
  2. Is there an audience for your product? Could there be more than one audience?
  3. Who are the audience? Age, gender, location, ethnicity, tv shows, movies, games do they use?
  4. What media do they consume? What magazines, TV shows, movies, games do they use? What platforms do they use? (TV, internet, Playstation, XBox, PC, Mac)
  5. How much time and money are they willing to spend on media product?
  6. What other products already exists which are similar to yours?

Quantitative Research Methods:

  1. Pre/Post Designs
  2. Pre existing Data

Question → “How do existing television content providers effectively attract and engage this fragment audience in this new and evolving media landscape?”

Primary Research: More complex, In Depth exploration, One to one talks with active industry players & observe, Focus on prospect companies

Secondary Research: Easier to conduct, Broad understanding, Obtained from the public sources, Focus on markets, Preparations for primary research

Purpose: Assess easy, low-cost and quick knowledge, Clarify the research question;, Help align the focu of primary research in a large scale and can also help to identify the answer; and, Rule out potential irrelevent project proposals (ex. The proposed work may have already been carried out.)

Limitations: The information lacks specific or does not exactly address question of concern, Some external secondary data may be of suspect quality or outdated, Internal secondary data such as sales reports and customers database mao only describe existing customers

How to use it: Identify the subject domain and where to acquire the information;, Gathering existing data;, Comparing data from different sources, if necessary and if feasible; and, Analysing the data

Where to look? Database, sale reports, past primary researches;, Government statistics and information from government agencies, Information resources companies, Different media such as articles from respected magazines and newspapers, reports from the university research centers or non-profit agency

In the beginning: Originally, the different types of media used different technologies … Which brought together the production system of media organisations

The Digital Revolution: Then along came the computer technology which brought together the production systems of media organisations: Books, newspaper & magazines originate on a computer now, Photographs

The Results: Media production is now faster & cheaper, Print, visual images and sound can now be integrated much more easily, Media organisations can take content from one form to another and experiment with cross-media forms

Convergence: Any website - incorporates text, images and sound or pictures, articles, videos, music - all these things that we used to consume separately so music on a record player or CD player, films on a television, text in newspaper & magazines - all have converged

360 degrees commissioning - 360 means programs are not just on our TV screens, but online and on mobile.

We need to make sure that everybody knows exactly what they need to do. I need to debrief everybody in the room one by one to make sure they know what they are doing. I need to make sure that if a camera man is about to hit something when they are filming I need to push them out of the way.


Checking that equipment, e.g. microphones and earpieces, are working before the show;

Seating the audience (if in attendance);

Referring to floor plans;

Assisting guests on the show;

Relaying instructions from the control room to the studio floor using a talkback system;

Keeping the director and producer informed of action off-camera;

Assisting in the planning and preparation of productions;

Overseeing the work of other departments, such as sound, lighting and props;

Rehearsing live shows;

Giving cues and time counts to presenters, actors or guests;

Organising runners to make the best use of studio time;

Looking ahead in the programme schedule to anticipate any changes to the set, or to see what props are required later in the show;

Briefing and looking after those involved in the programme;

Managing the audience, e.g. explaining safety requirements, show timings and what will happen during filming and when the programme will be aired;

Dealing with any technical problems;

Controlling the studio and halting production if necessary;

Liaising with public relations staff to agree who will be interviewed, for example at sports matches;

Passing information and progress reports from live events to studio presenters;

Adhering to health and safety regulations, e.g. keeping ‘safe areas’ and fire exits clear of equipment

The blue petter (make a bag out of a hoodie) he take where they make a hoodie with 3 famous dancers was successful because he made the instructions clear and showed them clearly how to do it. He also knew where to look because he had a good floor manager. We never saw him look at a different camera. The were tones. Of different shots insluding close ups. The stage was well designed because we saw tones. Of different colours on the table and behind them. The different lights flickering on and off were very successful in creating a nice colours and patterns. All of this resulted in making a very interesting and nice take and the it looked like the 3 people had fun and understood what happened and it make it nice to watch. The

Happy Days Series (Fronzie Saves the Day): Acting was not great (forced emphasis on smiles and laughter), Laugh track added onto the forced feeling., mostly wide angle (cinematography was weird), Most of the shots were in one angle and were long shots, It consisted of slow cuts and pans, The action was all taken all in one area, comedy, their target audience-teenagers

The Next Step: looked like Reality TV with things like ongoing commentaries from cast members, Acting felt forced ( It was over dramatised which created tension. ), Intro was derible, They interview the cast asking them questions about how they felt when they were in that situation and review the thoughts they had, their target audience-

This is the set. I was inbetween cam 2 and cam 3 because those were the ones nell had to look at.
In this photo I have written instructions for myself like the fact shot 16 is a moving shot So I need to stay with the camera and keep pointing at it. For shot 17 I wrote "put a black mat I front of camera 2". I did this because I saw all of the other takes, and at the end it switched from the VTs back to the presenter for a second or two. They always looked uneasy with a fake smile so I descided to put something to block the camera view.
Here I just put the first letter of the names of the cameraman because the set was confusing so in the end it was simpler to do that. Next to the letter "M" is "cam 2" because that was when we had the close ups so I made her look at cam 2 because it had the autocue and it was generally the angle we used right after.

Unfortunalty I only have Facebook so I was able to share it there and some people saw it and liked it. If I had Instagram then I would have shared there but I dislike Instagram so I don't have a account anymore. I shared with my family and they have shared around and showed to a few friends and I gave it to my brother but I don't know what he has done with it. He did reply and said that it was great and that he liked it. Not sure if was being honest thought...

In the end I really enjoyed my role even if it was tough to pass the information from the PA and director to the presenter but I quickly got the hang of it. It was a bit stressful but I felt like I was I control on set. Learning all the hand signals was fun I didn't use as many as I wanted to but I still got to use a few so that was nice. Because it was short and I had the script in my hands I felt like i didn't need to listen to Ben so much because she kept to the script as much as she could so I just followed that, there were a few times when I was lost but I quickly caught back on track.


Created with images by tpsdave - "sweden television studio" • Nithi clicks - "SMOKING ABSTRACT(EXPLORED 28-12-2014 #273)"

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