Segregation at the south
Segregation was still the norm across the southern United States in 1960. Early that year, a non-violent protest by young African-American students at a segregated Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, sparked a sit-in movement that soon spread to college towns throughout the region.
The four college students
In February 1960, four black college students - Joseph Mcneil, Ezell Blair Jr., Franklin McClain, and David Richmond - sat at a Woolworth's lunch counter reserved for "whites only" in downtown, North Carolina.
The day after the first sit-in at the Greensboro Woolworth's, more students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College, the historically black college the original four attended, descended on the store.
The local media covered the second sit-in. When the national media picked up the story, it struck a chord with other students who began to duplicate the sit-ins in other locations.
In response to the success of the sit-in movement, dining facilities across the South were being integrated by the summer of 1960. At the end of July, when many local college students were on summer vacation, the Greensboro Woolworth’s quietly integrated its lunch counter. Four black Woolworth’s employees–Geneva Tisdale, Susie Morrison, Anetha Jones and Charles Best–were the first to be served.
Sit-in demonstrated that mass nonviolent direct action could be successful and brought national media attention to have new era of the civil rights movement. On November 18th, 2015, a sit-in occurred that is very similar to the sit-in in Greensboro, North Carolina.
Princeton University students organized by the Black Justice League group waged an overnight sit-in in the university president's office to demand changes including the removal of Woodrow Wilson's name from campus. About 40 students spent the night inside Nassau Hall, despite a threat of disciplinary action from the school administration.