Pictured above is the Comanche Tribe, who lived around North Texas.
The Native Americans of the Great Plains were the last to be conquered in the U.S. The tribes of the Great Plains were each distinct, but still very similar. The biggest ones include: Sioux, Comanche, Pawnee, Crow, Cheyenne, and Blackfoot.
The tribes of the Great Plains lived from the foothills of the Rockies into western Missouri, Minnesota, Iowa, and Arkansas. They lived as far south as central Texas and as far north as southern Canada.
Some of their languages were similar. Different languages consisted of symbols, writing, and hand signals. The Algonquian languages were spoken by the Blackfoot, Cheyenne, and Plains Cree. The Sioun languages were spoken by the Crow, Hidatsa, and Sioux (Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota). Caddoan languages were spoken by the Wichita and Pawnee. Uto-Aztecan languages were spoken by the River Shoshone and Comanche.
WAY OF LIFE
Plains Indians wore ornate clothing and headwear filled with depictions of stories and war. Headdresses were worn by powerful men along with robe/dresses that were very colorful. Women, boys, and less powerful men traditionally wore plain clothes. Men hunted and led the tribe. Women took care of the family, cooked and chores. Men also took up roles such as chief and medicine man (Doctor). Life on the Great Plains was tough on a day-to-day basis. Horses were crucial for hunting and travel
Traditional Native American spiritual beliefs of the Plains consisted of animals and ancestors. Visions and dreams were crucial and dream consisted of natural elements. Animals such as the bison, deer, wolves, and birds had spiritual power. They believed they could talk to their deceased ancestors through nature and dreams. The sun, moon, wind, and rain were also part of the religious rituals.