The Rise of a Military Society
- Japan became a military society in 1185 when Minamoto Yoritomo came to power of Japan
- Shogun- commander-in-chief
- A shogun was the most important daimyo
- Daimyo- large landowners
- Samurai- trained warriors that were owned by damyio
Samurai Armor, Weapons and Fighting
Samurai fought with swords, spears, bows and arrows
- Samurai had bows that had the length of eight feet and had a good strength during battle
- Foot soldiers use spears to knock off riders off their horse
- The sword was the greatest weapon to a samurai because of its flexibility and how it razor sharp
- Samurai dressed in heavy armor
- Underneath the armor samurai wear kimono and baggy trousers
- Shinguards were made out of leather or cloth to protect their legs
Samurai Training and the Warrior Code
- Boys (and sometimes girls) could become samurai from any family.
- A child will be chosen for samurai training would leave their family around the age of 7.
- Zen Buddhism was use as a major focus in samurai training to teach boys how to focus their mind.
- A ceremony called genbuku would be attended between the ages of 12-18 a samurai in training
- They practiced so much that the could shoot an arrow accurately without thinking
- They were taught how to breathe properly
- Samurai were taught how to shoot off a rider while riding on a horse
- Samurai were taught how to have self-control
- They also needed to overcome the fear of death
- To alert and alway be prepared was was taught
- A samurai's duty was to serve and obey his Daimyo until death.
- The Samurai was a part of the ruling warrior class
- They were expected to help keep the peasants in order
- A samurai can never be relaxed
- Samurai developed an "sixth sense"
- Many of the teachers told stories about being prepared
- Shame could be passed down for generations so many samurai chose to commit the ultimate sacrifice- seppuku- rather than bring shame upon themselves
- When a dying samurai is found, another warrior (probably a close friend) would act as second to cut off the head to avoid prolonged pain.
- In this way, a disgraced samurai could ensure that his wife and children would not be outcasts
Training in Writing, Literature and Tea Ceremony
- A monk named Honen founded Amida Buddhism in the 12th century
- He believed that all people could reach paradise
- Believers were taught to rely on Amida Buddha
- Zen was liked by samurai because of its efforts and discipline
- Zen Buddhist would meditate of hours
- Many meditated in zen gardens