Cuban Missile Crisis by Jaysson Yriarte

As the United States and the Soviet Union faced off across the globe, each knew that the other had nuclear weapons capable of destroying it.

1961: The Bay of Pigs

The U.S. tries to overthrow Cuba’s new Communist government.

After the unsuccessful attempt by the U.S., Cuba sought out help from the U.S.S.R.

Nikita Khrushchev happily complies by secretly deploying Nuclear Missiles to Cuba.

This not only protected the island, but counteracted the U.S. missiles in Italy and Turkey.
By the time the U.S. discovered the plan, the materials used to create the missiles were already in place.

October 16th, 1962

Naval Blockade??

Military Advisors urged an air strike on missile sites and the invasion of the island, but President Kennedy took a more careful approach....

He announced that the U.S. Navy would intercept all shipments to Cuba by means of a Naval Blockade.

Though this Naval Blockade was considered an Act of War, the U.S. made up for this by justifying it as a Quarantine for it did not block out their basic necessities. The Soviets did not appreciate this distinction.
In an outraged letter to Kennedy, Khrushchev wrote, “ The violation of freedom to use international waters and international airspace is an act of aggression which pushes mankind toward the abyss of world nuclear missile war. “
While the U.S. demanded the removal of the missiles, Cuba and the U.S.S.R. insisted that they were only defensive and the the weapons continued to be armed, the U.S. prepared for a possible invasion.

October 27th, 1962

Tensions Rise....

A U.S. spy plane was shot down by a Soviet missile.
A U-2 Spy Plane
Just some missiles...

A Nuclear armed Soviet submarine was hit by a small depth charge from a U.S. naval vessel trying to signal it to come up. The submarine thought that war had begun prepared to launch a nuclear torpedo.

For the launch of the torpedo to occur, they needed the decision unanimously from three officers. Two officers authorized the launch, but Officer Vasili Arkhipov refused.

His decision, saved the day and perhaps the world, but the crisis wasn’t over....

DEF CON 1 ????

For the first time ever, the U.S. was set to Defcon 2, one step away from Nuclear War........
In Washington D.C., Attorney General, Robert Kennedy secretly met with Soviet Ambassador, Anatoly Dobrynin.

Here, after intense negotiation, they reached an agreement.......

The U.S. would remove their missiles from Turkey and Italy and promise to never invade Cuba in exchange for the Soviet withdrawal from Cuba under U.N. inspection.

After the removal of the missiles from Khrushchev at 9am the next day, the crisis was avoided.

I give all credit of information to Matthew A. Jordan, the creator the video above.

Created By
Jaysson Yriarte

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