So What are Kidney Stones?
A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract. Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine and often severe pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin.
Kidney Stones were discovered in 1901, but it is believed that the first indication of the stones is present about 4500-5000 years before 1901 when it was first discovered. It was discovered by an English archeologist E. Smith. He made this discovery in Egypt. The reason people and animals make Kidney stones is because of dehydration, if we don't have enough liquid to break down the crystallized materials, they begin to build up overtime.
Symptoms may include:
Blood in urine
nausea or vomiting
fever or chills
children as young as 5 years old have been known to have Kidney Stones
Your doctor may recommend this surgery if ESWL was unsuccessful. Using a scope to remove stones. To remove a smaller stone in your ureter or kidney, your doctor may pass a thin lighted tube (ureteroscope) equipped with a camera through your urethra and bladder to your ureter.
Surgery is rarely needed to treat kidney stones. Surgery is only needed when the kidney stone is very large, caused by an infection (staghorn calculi), blocking the flow of urine out of the kidney, or causing other problems like severe bleeding.
In addition, more than 70 percent of people with a rare hereditary disease called renal tubular acidosis develop kidney stones. Cystinuria and hyperoxaluria are two other rare, inherited metabolic disorders that often cause kidney stones.