Musculoskeletal Injuries Phi Van Pham

“Turf toe” is the common term used to describe a sprain of the ligaments around the big toe joint. Although it's commonly associated with football players who play on artificial turf, it affects athletes in other sports including soccer, basketball, wrestling, gymnastics, and dance.


• Pain and tenderness in the ball of the foot and the big toe.

• Swelling and bruising in the ball of the foot and the big toe.

• Inability to push off on the big toe.

• Limited joint movement in the big toe.

• Inability to bear weight on the ball of the injured foot.

The basic treatment for treating turf toe, initially, is a combination of rest, ice, compression, and elevation (remember the acronym R.I.C.E).This basic treatment approach is to give the injury ample time to heal, which means the foot will need to be rested and the joint protected from further injury.

Mallet finger is an injury to the thin tendon that straightens the end joint of a finger or thumb. Although it is also known as "baseball finger," this injury can happen to anyone when an unyielding object (like a ball) strikes the tip of a finger or thumb and forces it to bend further than it is intended to go.


• Pain, tenderness, and swelling at the outermost joint immediately after the injury.

• Swelling and redness soon after the injury.

• Inability to completely extend the finger while still being able to move it with help.

It is not common to treat a mallet finger surgically if bone fragments or fractures are not present. Surgical treatment of the damaged tendon usually requires a tendon graft — tendon tissue that is taken (harvested) from another part of your body — or even fusing the joint straight.

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown.


• One shoulder may look higher than the other.

• One hip may look higher than the other.

• The child's head is not centered over his or her body.

• One shoulder blade may stick out more than the other.

• The ribs are higher on one side when the child bends forward from the waist.

• The waistline may be flat on one side.

Often, no treatment is necessary. Sometimes a brace or surgery is needed.

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