Manifest Destiny 345-367

Rivalry in the northwest

  1. The Oregon Country was a huge area located north of California. Between the Pacific Ocean and the rocky Mountain.
  2. The United States based its claim on Robert Gray's discovery of the Columbia River in 1792 and the Lewis and Clark expedition.


  1. Many Americans wanted control of Oregon in order to gain access to the Pacific Ocean.
  2. In 1819 Secretary of State John Quincy Adams got Spain to approve the Adams-Onis Treaty.

Mountain men in oregon

  1. Fur traders had been the first Americans to take up the challenge of living in the Oregon country.
  2. they lived in buffalo-skin lodges and dressed in fringed buckskin pants, moccasins, and beads.
  3. At first the fur merchants traded with the Native Americans.


  1. what did America gain from the Adams-Onis Treaty?
  2. Many Americans wanted control of Oregon in order to gain access to the Pacific Ocean.

Oregon and Manifest Destiny-Marcus and Narcissa Whitman

  1. In the 1830's, Americans began traveling to the Oregon country to settle.
  2. Among the first settlers were Dr. Marcus Whitman and his wife, Narcissus.

Along the Oregon trail

  1. In 1843 about a thousand emigrants made the journey.
  2. they stuffed as much stuff in the wagons as they could.
  3. from a distance these wagons looked like schooners.

American Seeks its Manifest Destiny.

  1. Since colonial times, many Americans had believed their nation's mission should be to serve as a model of freedom and democracy.
  2. Many believed that the nation's mission was to spread freedom.
  3. In 1840's, New York newspaper editor John O'Sullivan expressed in more specific words the idea of a national mission.

Fifty-Four Forty or Fight

  1. Many Americans wanted the United States to take over all of Oregon.
  2. A firm believer in Manifest Destiny, Polk was focused on acquiring Oregon.
  3. Britain would not accept a border at 54-40' N latitude.

How did Polk's views differ from Clay's in the 1844 election?

  1. He supported this desire.

Statehood of Florida and Texas

How did Florida become a State?

  1. When Spain transferred Florida to The United States on July 17, 1821, Florida became an American territory.


  1. Tallahassee became the territorial capital in 1824.
  2. Many planters from Virginia, Georgia, and the Carolinas had worn out their soil with years of heavy use.
  3. In addition, small farms and cattle ranches dotted the region of central Florida.

The Territory Grows

  1. In 1837 the censuses for the territory of Florida reported that 48,000 people lived there.
  2. Florida's voters chose 56 people to attend the constitutional convention in st. Joseph

Statehood for florida

  1. Iowa finally emerged a free state candidate

What caused the population of Florida to grow?

  1. Because people came from California and Texas


  1. In 1821 Mexico won independence from Spain
  2. most Mexicans claimed Texas as there home
  3. In 1835 the conflict grew violent.

the alamo

  1. The Texans had only about 180 soldiers to take on Santa Anna's army of several thousand
  2. on March 6th, 1836, Mexican cannon fire smashed the Alamo's walls
  3. The Alamo defenders had been defeated

taxes declares its independence

  1. Texans leaders set up s temporary government.
  2. 600 soldiers and captured about 700 more

the lone star republic

  1. In September 1836, Texans elected Sam Houston as their president.
  2. Andrew Jackson however refused their request.

taxes becomes a state

  1. Many Texans wanted to join the United States.
  2. The situation changed with the 1844 presidential campaign

why did it take a long time for the united states to annex texas

  1. because Texas wasn't a state then.

War with Mexico

How did the Santa fe trail benefit the New Mexico territory

  1. It included land that is now the States of New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and Utah and parts of Colorado and Wyoming

The new mexico territory

  1. In the early 1800s, the land called New Mexico was vast region between the Texas and California territory's.
  2. New Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821.
  3. Williams Bracknell, the first American trader to reach Santa Fe, arrived in 1821

how did William Bracknell influence the American settlement of new mexico?

  1. it was a big improvement because, the land was flat and you could bring a wagon full of goods across the land

California's Spanish culture

  1. Spanish explores and missionaries from Mexico settled California in the 1700
  2. The missions aimed to convert Native Americans and the Spanish way of life.

conflict begins

  1. Relations between the two countries were not friendly.
  2. Polk sent a representative, John Slidell, to Mexico to propose a deal.
  3. To bring pressure, Polk ordered General Zachary Taylor lead U.S. forces

a war plan

  1. Polk planned to defeat Mexico by accomplishing three goals
  2. By 1847, Zachary Taylor had accomplished the first goal

California's uprising

  1. American settlers in northern California had begun an up spring.
  2. On June 14, 1846, the Americans declared California independent.

peace terms

  1. Defeated on February 2, 1848, Mexico's leaders signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  2. With Oregon and former Mexican territories under the American flag.

What did america gain from the Mexican war

  1. America concurred territory.

California and Utah

how did the discovery of gold help California ?

  1. It gave people hope of finding riches. these people were called forty-niners.

California gold rush

  1. When gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill in 1848, people from all over the world traveled to California in search of riches.
  2. Americans made up about 80 percent of the forty-niners.

the Californios

  1. When a new settler claimed land that was held by a Californio, the two parties would go to court.

the life of a forty-Niner

  1. As people rushed to a new area to look for gold, they built new communities.
  2. Cities also flourished during the gold rush.

gold rush society

  1. Vigilantes formed committees to protect themselves from the men in the mining camps.

economic and political progress

  1. The Gold Rush had lasting effects on California because many people who had arrived to find gold stayed to run a business or farm.

how did the california gold rush lead to the expansion of cities?

  1. Because so many people came to California to find gold, then many cities expanded and that had a lasting effect.

a religious refuge in utah

  1. Mormons and members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints were building a new community and fulfilling their vision of the godly life.

the mormons move on

  1. The founder of the Mormon Church was Joseph Smith.
  2. Smith published the book called The Book of Mormons.
  3. Smith hoped to use his book to build an ideal society.

a haven in the dessert

  1. The Mormon migration began in 1846.
  2. In 1847 the Mormons finally reached the Great Salt Lake.
  3. The Mormons made the dessert flourish through hard work and determination.

why did the mormons have to keep moving from one place to another?

  1. some people did not like the polygamy.

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