WWI: Trench Survival Guide Hope Webb

("Soldiers Fighting From a Trench")

Gas Mask

("WW1 Soldier Wearing Gas Mask")

During WWI, both the Allied and Central Powers used poison gases as weapons. Gas masks were used to protect soldiers from the toxic gases. Early masks had chemical-soaked cotton with eyepieces. They were very uncomfortable and the chemicals caused eye irritation and blisters. After those, they used the Small Box Respirator which was the most successful ("10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches").

Steel Helmet

("Austrian Berndorfer").

Steel helmets were used for protection in WWI. Before the British started using them, they only used cloth caps, which provided no protection. The steel protected soldiers from flying missiles and shrapnels. Also with the steel helmets, head injuries went down by 75% ("10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches").

Camouflage

("French WWI Complete Uniform")

Soldiers used camouflage to blend in with the environment so they wouldn't be spotted by the enemy. One color used was "horizon blue" and it blended into the sky. Other suits represented colors from "No Man's Land," the area between trenches. As long as soldiers were less visible, they were less accessible ("10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches").

Mosquito Nets

("First World War period mosquito net issued to British troops").

In WWI, mosquitos and other insects spread disease such as malaria, which killed millions of soldiers. In the trenches, disease spread more quickly because of all of the soldiers in them. These mosquito nets went over a person's head that protected them from mosquitos. The nets spared people from being killed by malaria and other diseases ("10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches").

Entrenching Tool

("German Entrenching Tool")

The entrenching tool was a tool to dig trenches in WWI. This tool is a metal shovel with a blade. Soldiers used these to dig shallow trenches to hide in and to avoid bullets and shrapnels. Other times, the entrenching tool was used in hand-to-hand combat between soldiers. ("10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches").

Works Cited

Austrian Berndorfer. Combat Helmets, nuke.combat-helmets.com/PreWar/tabid/61/Default.aspx. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

First World War period mosquito net issued to British troops. Imperial War Museum, www.iwm.org.uk/history/10-things-that-could-have-saved-your-life-in-the-trenches. Accessed 28 Mar. 2017.

French WWI Complete Uniform. Military Antiques, www.military-antiques.cz/uniforms-ww1/3320019-french-ww1-horizon-blue-complete-uniform-m1917-infantryman.html. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Soldiers Fighting from a Trench. Ducksters, www.ducksters.com/history/world_war_i/trench_warfare.php. Accessed 24 Mar. 2017.

“10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches.” Imperial War Museums, www.iwm.org.uk/history/10-things-that-could-have-saved-your-life-in-the-trenches. Accessed 24 Mar. 2017.

World War One German Entrenching Tool. Malcolm Wagner Militaria, www.malcolmwagner.co.uk/world-war-one-imperial-german-entrenching-tool/. Accessed 28 Mar. 2017.

WW1 Soldier Wearing Gas Mask. World War I Facts, www.world-war-1-facts.com/World-War-One-Weapon-Facts/World-War-One-Poison-Gas-Facts.html. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

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