Frogs & Toads by: sebastian colin

introduction and classification- frogs and toads are largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians. lifespan of a frog is 10-12 years. they are characterized by a stout body, protruding eyes, cleft tongue, limbs folded underneath, and the absence of a tail in adults. Besides living in fresh water and on dry land, the adults of some species are adapted for living underground or in trees.

classification-Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: Amphibian Order: Anura (frogs and toads) Family: Hylidae (Treefrogs Genus: Pseudacris

brief history- They are found on all continents except Antarctica. The terms "frog" and "toad" are derived from early usage in England and northern Europe, where two families of the order Anura occur. Frogs are amphibians, a term derived from two Greek words: amphi meaning double and bios meaning life. The double life of frogs involves living in water and also on land. some toads are more closely related to frogs.

grouping- There are approximately 4,740 species of frogs around the entire world. some examples are yellow frog, tree frog, glass frog, true toads, poison dart frog.

characteristics-frogs have two bulging eyes; strong, long, webbed hind feet that are adapted for leaping and swimming; and smooth or slimy skin (generally, frogs tend to like moister environments than toads).

Housing and equipment

housing- you can keep them in a glass or plastic terrarium with a cover. you can keep them inside or outside. you can keep them in the light or dark because you have a heater and they are cold blooded.

equipment- Glass terrarium, lights, aquarium sand or gravel, mulch-like material, pebbles, or peat moss, water filter, thermometer and hygrometer,Critter-carrier, a place to put the frogs while you clean the main tank, and what ever else you may need.

feeding- regular diet of fresh insects; some frog species also need small vertebrates (think pinkie mice) and/or fish to stay healthy. frogs need to have live food items available at all times. 5-7 crickets or other insects.don’t feed your frog fruits or vegetables or anything that a human would eat.

handling- after touching your frog or a frog/toad you need to wash your hands. if you don't wash your hands it may irritate your skin and cause a rash. but you can pick up and hold your frog or toad.

common diseases- viral, bacterial, water mold, metazoan, trematode, and fungal agents are some of the main diseases that could be common in frogs.

reproduction- All frogs reproduce sexually, and all hatch from eggs.Tadpoles, the larval stage of frogs, are adapted to a purely aquatic life. tadpoles have no bones but rather a simple cartilaginous skull and skeleton.The eggs hatch into aquatic larvae called tadpoles that have tails and internal gills. As these tadpoles grow they will sprout legs and absorb their tail, and their diet will change gradually from a vegetarian one to a carnivorous one.They also have no true teeth, instead having rows of denticles. Frogs typically lay their eggs in water (females). then they will hop away to begin their land lives.

Created By
sebastian colin
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Credits:

Created with images by Alexas_Fotos - "frog lying relaxed" • Josch13 - "toad frog urmonster" • Kinchan1 - "Staying Cool" • wolfgang_vogt - "water frog frog amphibian" • twoody291 - "Frog" • skeeze - "leopard frog portrait green" • Couleur - "frog water frog amphibian" • Skitterphoto - "tadpole water drop" • twoody291 - "Frog" • Jo Naylor - "frog 7 - adorable.jpg"

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