Bowel cancer A brief presentation

Bowel cancer (also known as colorectal cancer or colon cancer) is a cancer of the colon or rectum. The colon is The longest part of the large intestine, extending from the cecum to the rectum. Most bowel cancers develop from tiny growths called 'polyps'. Not all polyps become cancerous. A colon polyp is a small clump of cells that forms on the lining of the colon. Most colon polyps are harmless. But over time, some colon polyps can develop into colon cancer( also known as bowel cancer), which is often fatal when found in its later stages.

Bowel cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women in Australia and is more common in people over the age of 50. Bowel Cancer is the second largest cause of cancer deaths in Australia. 1 in 12 Australians will be diagnosed with bowel cancer by age 85. If caught in time, 90% of bowel cancer cases can be treated successfully.

What foods are risk factors

Eat less red meat (beef, pork, or lamb) and processed meats (hot dogs and some luncheon meats), Studies show convincing evidence of increased bowel cancer risk with consumption of red meat (17% increased risk per 100g/day) and processed meat (18% increased risk per 50g/day).

What foods lower the risk of bowel cancer

A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may lower bowel cancer risk. Consumption of foods containing dietary fibre, such as Weet-Bix, Porridge, Peas Potato Carrots Corn Baked Beans Lentils Sultanas Prunes orange Nuts, plain 0.0 Biscuits, help reduce your risk of being diagnosed with bowel cancer. Consumption of garlic, milk, and calcium, probably protect against bowel cancer,

Simple suggestions for increasing your daily fibre intake include:

* Eat breakfast cereals that contain barley, wheat or oats.

* Switch to wholemeal or multigrain breads and brown rice.

* Add an extra vegetable to every evening meal.

* Snack on fruit, dried fruit, nuts or wholemeal crackers

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