The preferred collective term today is "First Nations," with its involvement of many separate, formerly sovereign, entities. Indigenous Canadian peoples have historically suffered civil-rights abuses under the Canadian federal government. With increasing populations in the twenty-first century, however, these people have begun to enjoy more rights from the national leadership. In 2015 newly elected prime minister Justin Trudeau promised to establish better relations with aboriginal Canadians than previous administrations had maintained.
First Nations form by far the largest and most diverse of these categories. On contact with Europeans, First Nations people occupied all but the northernmost reaches of Canada. Great differences in language, culture, and history separate First Nations groups in Canada today, impeding common political action.
The Inuit, once known as the Eskimo (a term that has now almost totally disappeared in Canada), are the aboriginal occupants of the Arctic.They form a much more homogeneous population in Canada than Indian groups, speaking a single language from the Mackenzie River delta in the west near the Alaska border to Labrador in the east on the Atlantic Ocean.
Métis, unlike the previous two groups, emerged in Canada only in the historic period. They are a product of the unions between male fur traders, most commonly of French-Canadian origin, and Native women, particularly Cree.more than 451,000 Canadians identified as Métis. Most of these were located in the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba.
It is held each year on July 1, Canada Day celebrates the establishment of a Canadian government and the initiation of Canada as a country. It is sometimes called "Canada's Birthday." Most municipalities and cities have Canada Day celebrations, often with music, cake, and fireworks in the evening.
How it is celebrated?
Just about every community and city across Canada has some form of Canada Day celebration. The day is a national holiday, so government offices, banks, and most places of business are closed. However, most emergency personnel, police, and firefighters do work on Canada Day, especially to offer extra support for the festivities. Many uniformed Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers take part in Canada Day activities and parades.
The largest Canada Day celebrations each year take place in Ottawa. In Ottawa, most government activity takes place in the Parliament buildings, where the seat of government is. These buildings are located on Parliament Hill, and this is where the biggest Canada Day celebrations take place each year. There are multiple day-long activities atop Parliament Hill, including a noontime ceremony celebrated by the prime minister, the governor general, and the minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages. Most years, Canada's famous airplane team, the Snowbirds, perform. The celebrations from Parliament Hill are usually broadcast across the country via the CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation), Canada's major national media outlet.
The Department of Agriculture and Agri-food provides information, research, technology, policies, and programmes for the security of the food system and health of the environment. The backbone of a $130 billion per year industry, Canada's agricultural producers include dairy; oilseeds, cereals, and grains; horticulture; livestock and red meat; organics; poultry and eggs; pulses; and special crops. The department is also responsible for agri-industries; that is, it complements the primary production sectors by providing inputs, transportation services, or value-added processes. Key sectors within agri-industries also include safety and regulatory information on processed foods and beverages; food distribution; consumer data collection; and agri-inputs such as feed, fertilizers, manure, and seeds.
They are important and should be valued or celebrated by Canadians because they refer to the history of Canada. The first nation people or inhabitants who were living there in Canada before Europeans came and struggles faced by them. The celebrations when the country became independent after resolving the matter between the French and the Europeans and food which is popular what country enjoy on special events. They all relate to the history of Canada and they are important for us to know about Canada.