Insect Orders Ellie smith

Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)

They have "2 pairs of membranous wings that are covered in tiny scales which overlap like shingles on a roof."

"Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) is the second largest order in the class Insecta."

Hemiptera (true bugs)

"The Hemiptera are called 'true' bugs because everyone - entomologists included - tend to call all insects 'bugs'. That is a loose term, whereas the true bugs are just those contained within the insect order Hemiptera."

They have "2 pairs of wings, although some species may be wingless and others have only forewings. Wings are generally membranous but in some species the forewings may be hardened at the base."

Odonata (dragonflies)

"Both dragonflies and damselflies belong to the Odonata, which is a subgroup of insects, which in turn is a group of uniramian arthropods. Many characteristics distinguish Odonata from other groups of insects -- minute antennae, extremely large eyes (filling most of the head), two pairs of transparent membranous wings with many small veins, a long slender abdomen, an aquatic larval stage (nymph) with posterior tracheal gills, and a prehensile labium (extendible jaws underneath the head)."

"The adults are quick, agile fliers that are generally considered beneficial because they feed on large numbers of small, flying insects like gnats and mosquitos."

Coleoptera (beetles)

"Beetles are a group of insects that form the order Coleoptera."

"It has been estimated that half of all animal species alive today are beetles."

Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, and ants)

"Hymenopterans, the "membrane-winged" insects, include bees, ants, and a large number of other insect taxa collectively referred to as wasps."

"The name Hymenoptera is derived from the Greek words "hymen" meaning membrane and "ptera" meaning wings."

Orthoptera (grasshoppers and crickets)

They have "2 pairs of wings. The forewings are narrower than the hind wings and hardened or leathery at the base. They are held roof-like overlapping the abdomen at rest. The hind wing is membranous and held folded fan-like under the forewings when at rest."

"Most living members of this order are terrestrial herbivores with modified hind legs that are adapted for jumping."

Diptera (flies)

"Although a lot of flying insects are referred to as "flies" -- butterflies, dragonflies, mayflies, and so on -- the true flies belong to the Diptera. The name means "two wings," and true flies bear only one pair of functional wings."

"Members of this order of insects are found in almost all types of terrestrial and freshwater habitats across Australia with forests and the margins of water bodies having the greatest diversity of species."

Mantodea (mantis)

"Mantids have elongate bodies that are specialized for a predatory lifestyle: long front legs with spines for catching and holding prey, a head that can turn from side to side, and cryptic coloration for hiding in foliage or flowers."

"Mantises are an order of insects that contains over 2,400 species"

Created By
Ellie Smith
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Credits:

Created with images by Gabriela_Neumeier - "bee thistle rest" • Charlesjsharp - "Tailed flambeau butterfly" • S. Rae - "Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale (Hawthorn shieldbug - final instar nymph" • Charlesjsharp - "orange-winged dropwing dragonfly (trithemis kirbyi)" • Mick E. Talbot - "Coleoptera" • Kapa65 - "crocus flower blossom" • amy1153 - "AMY_1943" • Mick E. Talbot - "Diptera"

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