Lions Nature's king

Lions

The lion is one of the big cats in the world. and the king of the savanna. It is a big cat with 250 kilograms in weight is he the second largest cat on earth. Wild lions currently exist in sub saharan Africa and in India. In ancient historic times, their range was in most of Africa, including North Africa, and across Eurasia from Greece and southeastern Europe to India. In the late Pleistocene, about 10000 years ago, the lion was the most widespread large land mammal after humans.

behavior

In the wild, males seldom live longer than 10 to 14 years, as injuries sustained from continual fighting with rival males greatly reduce their longevity. In captivity they can live more than 20 years. They typically inhabit savanna and grassland although they may take to bush and forest. Lions are unusually social compared to other cats. A pride of lions consists of related females and offspring and a small number of adult males. Groups of female lions typically hunt together, preying mostly on large ungulates. Lions are apex and keystone predators, although they are also expert their food by scavenging as opportunity allows. While lions do not typically hunt humans, some have, sleeping mainly during the day, lions are active primarily at night, although sometimes at twilight.

Highly distinctive, the male lion is easily one of the most widely recognised animal symbols in human culture. Lions spend much of their time resting and are inactive for about 20 hours per day. Although lions can be active at any time, their activity generally peaks after dusk with a period of socialising grooming, and defecating. Intermittent bursts of activity follow through the night hours until dawn, when hunting most often takes place. They spend an average of the hours a day walking and 50 minutes eating.

Groups

Lions are the most socially inclined of all wild felids, most of which remain quite solitary in nature. The lion is a predatory carnivore with two types of social organization. Some lions are residents, living in groups of related lionesses, their mates, and offspring. Such a group is called a pride. Females form the stable social unit in a pride and do not tolerate outside females. Membership only changes with the births and deaths of lionesses, although some females do leave and become nomadic. Although extremely large prides, consisting of up to 30 individuals, have been observed, the average pride consists of five or six females, their cubs of both sexes, and one or two males who mate with the adult females. The number of adult males in a coalition is usually two but may increase to as many as four before decreasing again over time. The sole exception to this pattern is the Tsavo lion pride which always has just one adult male. Male cubs are excluded from their maternal pride when the reach maturity at around two to three years of age. The second organizational behaviour is labeled nomads, who range widely and move about sporadically, either singularly or in pairs. Pairs are more frequent among related males who have been excluded from their birth pride. Note that a lion may switch lifestyles; nomads may become resident and vice versa. Males, as a rule, live at least some portion of their lives as nomads, and some are never able to join another pride. A female who becomes an nomad has much greater difficulty joining a new pridem as the females in a pride are related, and they reject most attempts by an unrelated female to join their family group.

The area a pride occupies is called a pride area, whereas that by a nomad is a range. The males associated with a pride tend to stay on the fringes, patrolling their territory. Why sociality the most pronounced in any cat species has developed in lionesses is the subject of much debate. Increased hunting success appears an obvious reason, but this is less than sure upon examination: coordinated hunting does allow for more successful predation but also ensures that non-hunting members reduce per capita caloric intake; however, some take a role raising cubs, who may be left alone for extended periods of time. Members of the pride regularly tend to play the same role in hunts and hone their skills. The health of the hunters is the primary need for the survival of the pride, and they are the first to consume the prey at the site it is taken. Other benefits include possible kin selection, protection of the young maintenance of territory and individual insurance against injury and hunger.

Lionesses do most of the hunting for their pride. They are more effective hunters, as they are smaller, swifter and more agile than the males and do not have a heavy man, which causes overheating during the hunt. They act as a coordinated group with members who perform the same role consistently in order to stalk and bring down the prey successfully. Smaller prey is eaten at the location of the hunt, thereby being shared among the hunters; when the kill is larger it often is dragged to the pride area. There is more sharing of larger kills, although pride members often behave aggressively toward each other as each tries to consume as much food as possible. Near the conclusion of the hunt, males have a tendency to dominate the kill once the lionesses have succeeded. They are more likely to share this with the cubs than with the lionesses, but males rarely share food they have killed by themselves.

All in all lions are big cats who loves to sleep much just like cats. but when it is dark the go hunting. also they live in a group, one of the group is the king. The males have a mane, the females not. Actually they are quit easy animals. so when you see one just stand still.

This was our article about the lions.

Mees toxopeus, Jeroen van der Veen,

V2D

Credits:

Created with images by oliver.dodd - "lion under tree looks" • down@earth - "Lion" • PublicDomainPictures - "africa animal big" • Martin Pettitt - "Lions" • davidsluka - "lions animal male" • Pexels - "animal photography animals close-up" • fvfavo - "Lion" • Azhar Khan (akwildshots) - "And people say male lions don't hunt..." • travelmemo.com - "Lion on the hunt" • baluda - "lion antelope kitten" • jurvetson - "Lions - Sharing a Meal" • mentalhealthsupportca - "lion cub safari"

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