In Jesus’ message to St. Peter—I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. “Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; it seems certain that Jesus is granting Peter a unique authority over the Church.
Defending the Primacy of the Pope:
There have always been opponents to the pope’s authority and universal jurisdiction over the Church, also called papal primacy. This teaching has origins directly from Christ’s commissioning of Peter to be the visible head of the Church
primacy Of peter:
In Luke’s Last Supper account, Jesus confronts Peter and predicts that Peter will deny him, but then reassures him: I have prayed that your own faith may not fail; and once you have turned back, you must strengthen your brothers
teachings of the second vatican:
The Second Vatican Council (1962–1965) likewise taught on the primacy of the pope. A difference was that the Second Vatican Council began its teaching first on the ministry of the bishops and then addressed the pope in relationship to the bishops.
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