Science Vocabulary Genetics

Asexual Reproduction:

When Genetic material from one parent produces an offspring.

Chromosomes:

Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copied and passed from generation to generation of cells

Dominate Trait:

A trait that is expressed or dominate when combined with another trait.

External Fertilization:

The Fertilization of eggs by sperm that occurs outside the body of the female

Fertilization:

Process in which cells containing information from two parents combine.

Gamete:

A sex cell that fuses with another sex cell during fertilization, called sperm and egg cells.

Genes:

A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait.

Genetic Variation:

The result of the random combination of genetic material (DNA) from 2 parents.

Heredity:

Passing of traits from parents to offspring.

Internal Fertilization:

Fertilization of an egg by sperm that occurs inside the body of a female. (mammals)

Created By
Taj Smith
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Credits:

Created with images by Caroline Davis2010 - "DNA" • tjmwatson - "Bulbs" • Can H. - "Karyotype" • AdinaVoicu - "eye blue gene" • nattu - "It starts right here, in Maldives" • TBIT - "sperm fertilization pregnancy" • quapan - "Human gametes: ovum & spermatozoon. Approximately 50% of the floating sperms contain the y-chromosome (--> fertilization leads to a male ♂ child), the other 50% encompass the x-chromosome (--> conception pruduces a female ♀ child)" • AdinaVoicu - "green eyes iris gene" • John Rusk - "N20151210-0001—Acer palmatum" • mrsdkrebs - "heredity" • DigitalMarketingAgency - "beautiful young pregnant woman in beach"

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