Turtles Layla Delgado

The turtles specific name is testudines. they are in the class reptilia. Turtles are reptiles with hard shells that protect them from predators. They are among the oldest and most primitive groups of reptiles, having evolved millions of years ago.
history: The oldest fossils of turtles date back 215 million years ago, during the Triassic period. They are the oldest found of 4 legged creatures and one of earth's ancient creatures. back then turtles had completely formed hard shells and lived on land in marshes. turtles appeared on earth before dinosaurs and were alive for the evolution of birds from feathered dinosaurs.
Grouping- turtles are in the class reptilia and the order testudine. they have 2 family groups: Cheloniidae and Dermochelyidae. Description- They have 4 flippers, the 2 in the front are longer than the 2 in the back, hard shells that can be various different colors, small heads, and leathery skin inside their sells.
housing- for turtles the bigger cages are better. for aquatic turtles they should have a glass tank, a 30 gallon tank is the minimum space requirement. they need filtration systems to keep the water clean. they also need a uva or uvb light. if you have a land turtle then you can keep it outside or have a big terrarium.
feeding- The diet for most adult turtles is protein, including cooked meat, insects, cooked eggs, and leafy vegetables. turtles also like fruit and even flowers. Turtles can never have dairy because their stomach cannot digest lactose. sea turtles feed on sponges, jellyfish, and other soft sealife. However, some turtles that have stronger jaws feed on shellfish. handling- use 2 hands to hold it. Support the underside well. DON'T put your fingers between the top and bottom shell at the front or back end.
Common diseases- some are Vitamin A deficiency, respiratory diseases, abscesses, shell infections and fractures, and parasites. Vitamin A deficiency is when a turtle doesn't have an appropriate diet. most respiratory diseases are caused by bacteria. abscesses appear as hard tumor-like swellings anywhere on or in the pet's body. shell infections are often are secondary to trauma, burns, or bites. Internal parasites, such as roundworms, are common in pet turtles and cause diarrhea or weight loss.
Reproduction- turtles lay eggs in nests on the sand. Females usually nest during the warmest months of the year. The exception is the leatherback turtle, which nests in fall and winter. Females of most species usually come ashore at night, alone, most often during high tide. A female sea turtle crawls above the high tide line and, using her front flippers, digs out a "body pit". Then using her hind flippers, she digs an egg cavity. A female deposits 50 to 200 (depending on the species) Ping Pong ball shaped-eggs into the egg cavity. The eggs are soft-shelled, and are papery to leathery in texture. They do not break when they fall into the egg cavity. The eggs are surrounded by a thick, clear mucus.


Created with images by tylerkaraszewski - "Baby Green Sea Turtle" • 3dman_eu - "turtle age panzer" • albertr - "turtle animal marine" • wjgomes - "turtle nature slow" • skeeze - "green sea turtle hatchling beach" • papertygre - "Sea turtle" • Activedia - "turtle nature green" • Joergelman - "sea turtle turtle meeresbewohner"

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