Uluru Management Report By Waverley Prather

Uluru

Uluru (Ayres Rock) is a large sandstone rock in the lower left hand side of the Northern Territory. Uluru is 463 kilometres away from Alice Springs. Located at 25.3444° S, 131.0369° E Uluru is a popular tourist site because it is the second largest single rock in the world, it is also an amazing experience. Uluru is also popular because of the knowledge you can gain about the culture of the Aboriginals who were/are still around it.

Joint Management

The Anangu and the Australian Government work together to protect the land. This helps to not only preserve the land but the plants, animals and most importantly the culture. This management program help both cultures work in unity. This allows everyone to work together in maintaining the land so generations after us are able to see Ayres Rock the same as it is today, a beautiful red sandstone landform located near the centre of Australia.

Anangu People

Australian Government Funding

The Australian Governments contributes money to Uluru. Last year the Government 'donated' $1.6 million of which $800,000 was given to community development projects. The remaining $800,000 was shared among 600 traditional owners to spend as they chose. The government funds fencing, the rangers, sign boards, fire management, weed management and ferrel animal management.

Australian Government Logo

Tourists Encouraged Not To Climb

Although climbing is not illegal because this is an incentive for people to make the trip, climbing is not recommended. This is because it is disrespectful to the traditional owners of the land, the Anangu. Uluru is considered a intensely spiritual where their Tjukurpa (creation stories), which govern their ceremonies, art and rules for living, converge. Another reason is the eroding of Uluru. Uluru may seem outback tough but really is not. Uluru is actually quite fragile, as can be seen by the erosion along the historic climbing route, known as the Scar of Uluru. Many people do not believe that eroding is a problem facing Uluru but it actually is. There are also no toilets at the top of Uluru which leaves climbers to go at the top of the landform. When the rain eventually comes all of the sewage is washed away in to the water holes which the fauna and flora rely on. The climbing of Uluru is not recommended because of many people who have died from trying to perform this act. Uluru has reportedly claimed 35 lives in recorded history. These are only a few of the many reasons not to climb Ayres Rock.

Uluru Climb

Listed As A World Heritage Site

Natural Landscape

In 1987 Uluru received a World Heritage listing as a natural property representing ongoing geological, biological and ecological processes as well as being a natural beauty with a combination of natural and cultural elements.

Cultural LAndscape

In 1994, the Uluru was nominated as a World Heritage property under cultural landscape because of its cultural landscape which represents the combined work of nature and of man, the interaction between humans and the environment. The land also has powerful religious, artistic and cultural associations of the natural element.

Implications for the park management

The World Heritage listings of Uluru emphasises that the park as a living culture as well as a unique ecosystem. This puts further pressure on all the joint management parties to ensure Tjukurpa remains a vital component of all aspects of park management. The key objectives in the park’s current plan of management respects the Anangu are to use their scientific knowledge and management practices in the park. They will continue research into Anangu scientific knowledge so they are able to expand and develop Uluru's program of Anangu explanations of the landscape and to ensure that Anangu knowledge is seen as the primary interpretation of the park. The park work with Anangu to identify and conserve rock art and other archeological resources of the park, and to record and interpret Anangu oral history.

Effect of Tourism

Being a World Heritage sites ensures that Uluru remains a world class destination for both its cultural and natural heritage. Visitors are able to continue to have an authentic cultural experience at the park and leave knowing that the park is managed according to cultural practices that date back tens of thousands of years. World Heritage listing helps maintain tourist numbers in Central Australia, providing regional and national economic benefits

World Heritage Symbol

Evaluation of Effectiveness of Strategies

Are they effective?

I do believe that most of these strategies are effective. The only protection/management strategy that I do not believe is useful would be recommending for people not to climb the rock. This is because of the types of people who visit Ayres Rock. In my opinion the other strategies are useful because they provide support and allow the culture to stay 'alive'.

Recommending not to climb the rock.

Recommending for tourists not to climb Ayres Rock is not effective because it is not a law and even if it was many people would still climb the rock. The are three types of people who go to Uluru. First are the challenge seekers, these people are motivated by experience and the feeing of accomplishment, if they go to Uluru to climb Ayres Rock, they will climb Ayres Rock. It does not matter if there are suggestions not to, they go for the experience and they are motivated to do so. The second type would be motivated recommendation followers, these people go to Uluru and would like to climb the rock but will not because they will follow recommendations, these people have no extreme incentive and are still happy either way. Then there are the people who go just for the experience. They have no desire to climb, they came to see Ayres Rock, to have accomplished something. To have done something that makes them feel happy. Of course these are not the only groups of people who head off to see the massive landform, but they are the first few who come to mind.

joint Management

Joint management is a useful strategy because the Australian Government and the Anagu are working collaboratively to preserve the land and the cultural beliefs that are important.

Australian Government funding

Funding by the government does help because it allows tourists who would like to learn about the land to learn. The funding is also responsible for keeping Uluru as we can see it today. Funding also provides the Anangu with the money to do whatever they chose from shopping to helping educated people about the importance of Uluru.

World heritage site

Listing Uluru as a World Heritage Site is effective because it tells people that Uluru is a sacred site and should be respected for it is import.

Future of Uluru

Uluru

Do you think climbing will be banned in the future?

I do not believe that Uluru climbing will be banned, this is because of the revenue the government makes from tourists who have an interest for climbing. If climbing is banned there will be a loss in revenue because of less tourists and there are still many people who will climb. The government is not going to add security cameras or have a ranger stationed 24/7 to make sure no one breaks the law. It is also far easier.

Do you think it will it will continue to be managed?

Yes I do, this is because most people like to see everyone work in unity to preserve and educated people about the land. If Uluru were to stop being managed by both the Anangu and the Australian Government time would only be heading in the other direction.

Will tourist numbers increase?

Will tourist numbers increase? This depends on multiple factors such as the ban of climbing, the eroding and the management of the land. If climbing is banned there will be many tourists who no longer have an urge to visit. If eroding continues Ayres Rock would get smaller and smaller therefore losing tourists as well. And the management of the land. If the Anangu and the Australian Government stop working together this may deter some people because there is no longer unity and people could start a protest.

Conclusion

Uluru is located in the Northern Territory 463km away from Alice Springs. Uluru is a natural sandstone landform which is the second largest single rock in the world. Uluru has the management of the Anangu (traditional owners of the land) and the Australian Government together. Uluru is funded by the government roughly $1.6 million of which half goes to the Anangu (600 people) and the other half is set aside for the preservation and knowledge about the rock. Uluru is also a world heritage site because it is a natural beauty and the culture.

Bibliography

Environment.gov.au. (2017). Management Plan 2010-2020 | Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park | Department of the Environment and Energy. [online] Available at: https://www.environment.gov.au/resource/management-plan-2010-2020-uluru-kata-tjuta-national-park [Accessed 20 Mar. 2017].

Splash. (2017). ABC online education - ABC Splash. [online] Available at: http://splash.abc.net.au/home#!/media/525907/indigenous-perspective-on-sustainability [Accessed 20 Mar. 2017].

Splash. (2017). ABC online education - ABC Splash. [online] Available at: http://splash.abc.net.au/home#!/media/2182479/Meet-Uluru%E2%80%99s-traditional-owners [Accessed 20 Mar. 2017].

Parksaustralia.gov.au. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://parksaustralia.gov.au/uluru/people-place/heritage.html [Accessed 20 Mar. 2017].

In some odd way that you don't understand and can't begin to articulate you feel and acquaintance with it--a familiarity on an unfamiliar level. Somewhere in the deep sediment of your being some long-dormant fragment of primordial memory, some little severed tail of DNA, has twitched or stirred. It is a motion much too faint to be understood or interpreted, but somehow you feel certain that this large, brooding, hypnotic presence has an importance to you at a species level--perhaps even at a sort of tadpole level--and that in some way your visit here is more than happenstance. -Bill Bryson
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Waverley Prather
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