On August 13, 1961, the Communist government of the GDR, began to build a barbed wire and concrete wall between East and West Berlin. The Berlin Wall stood until November 9, 1989, when the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border whenever they pleased..
The wall was built before the Cold War to help with people ,living around to much. The East side didn't like that all of their people kept going to the West side.
On November 9, 1989 the Cold War was beginning to go right across Eastern Europe. People were allowed to go to either side of Berlin.
East Berlin’s Communist Party, West Berlin. They are the two groups who decided to have a wall in the first place. But East Berlin’s Communist Party is the group who announced a change in his city’s relations with the West. This meant that people could go to either side again.
A 12-foot-tall, 4-foot-wide mass of reinforced concrete was topped with an enormous pipe that made climbing over nearly impossible.
The Berlin Wall split Germany into west Germany and east Germany.
The Berlin Wall was built because East Germans fled to the democratic West. In response, the Communist East German authorities built a wall that totally encircled West Berlin. It got torn down when the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border.
The fall of the Berlin Wall marked the end of the Cold War for the United States. Major changes were going on in the Soviet Union. The wall coming down between East and West Berlin drove home in a very dramatic and convincing way to Americans that the communist world was coming undone.
West Berliners looking over the wall to East Berlin, 1963
Christoph Naumann wanted to study chemistry. He did want to ave to deal with the Wall of Berlin being in his way so he escaped to Hungary and then walking over the border to Yugoslavia. Some 20 years after he escaped from the GDR, during which he worked or studied as a chemist in France, Canada, England, and Australia, Naumann moved back to Berlin. He now lives a short walk from the Bornholmer Bridge, a former crossing between East and West
By the end of the 1950s the west side of Germany was thriving, but the east side was way behind. The east side was under communist rule, the quality of their life was much lower than in the west. A lot of the east side was in ruins because of the war that happened 30 years prior. The west side however was a successful capitalist economy. They had more freedoms than the east. More advance in technology. They had a successful recovery from the war.
The wall impacted both the east and west side greatly. It separated many families and cause people to lose successful jobs because they were not allowed to cross the wall.