Kathmandu, Nepal By: Amber Howard, Anthony Bowen, Richard felicano, amy Jáuregui-Tovar

The tragic story of Kathmandu, Nepal: In April, 25, 2015, an earthquake of a magnitude of 7.8 struck in the broad daylight in Nepal. The earthquake's center of destruction was in Kathmandu, Nepal. There the damage was even more severe, and much more lives were lost there. Over 9,000 people died from the disaster, and over 22,000 were injured. After the disaster struck, over 600,000 buildings and homes were destroyed, nearby cities and towns were severely damaged or completely destroyed; you couldn't even walk over the debris all over the area, it didn't matter if you were trying to look for someone, you just couldn't help at all. The aftermath of this disaster was very tragic, many people were in grief due to losing a loved one, or being very seriously injured.

This is a Nepali couple who are crying and are possibly thinking about their loved ones, and the people who are suffering during that time.

Why did Nepal have many casualties? Since Nepal is a poor country with a few list of emergency plans, they didn't have much cranes or lots of machines to help those who are trapped in the ground. That's why many people died. The citizens of Nepal just couldn't afford hefty fees to help save a loved one, and at times it wasn't all successful when trying to help someone to escape (from buildings and from debris fallen on top of them). Also, since there was no active law enforcement available, not many people could file for insurance in order to receive a home or transportation. Hundreds of thousands of people were forced to live in poverty. Little or no people survived in towns close to Kathmandu (and in Kathmandu). Many people were separated from their families, since they couldn't find their family members, or the loss of life in their families.

This is a group of Nepali volunteers who are under stressing moments from trying to help a young man who is dying. You can see that there isn't much medical personnel, there is just citizens helping each other out.

This tragic natural disaster inspired us to make a plan for emergency aids and evacuation for Kathmandu, Nepal and surrounding areas. We will explain many ways in which the people there can survive and help the injured when another dangerous natural disaster (or geohazard) occurs.

This is a group of people who are collecting donated food for the victims of Nepal.

Our plan for the list of geohazards below: Mudslides, Landslides, Flooding, and Tsunamis.

When a tsunami (and the result of it is severe flooding) hits, what people can do is just run until they can go on high remote areas. They will receive lots of help though, since we will have medical personnel managing boats and ships to help find bodies and save other injured people. If they seem to not remove something heavy off a person while in a boat, they should have lots of tools to help them; such as strong metal handles for the person to hold on, or we could even bring helicopters (if the situation is very serious and difficult) over them and people can go down and help the person to be free, before mudslides, and landslides occur and can eventually seriously injure the person, or even cause death to him.

This is a picture of volunteering men who are helping people flee away from the flooding, this is a picture of when the tsunami of Japan hit in 2011.

This is our plan for Mudslides and Landslides: Mudslides can cause quick sand at times, and trying to walk over mud and debris at the same time is very hard. During mudslides and landslides, the majority of the people in it get seriously hurt, and die because during those slides, mud and land can go on top of them and eventually suffocate them to death, or during the slide, they could have a arm or a leg being stuck, and while everything is sliding, they could break a bone and literally have their ligaments or a whole body part ripped, which could be outstandingly painful. When a mudslide/landslide occurs, medical personnel should move quickly, finding people buried in mud, or running and yelling for their names. They should use small shovels when finding buried people, so no further injury can occur. Teamwork is key for helping people during this geohazard (and other geohazard occurrences).

This is a massive mudslide that occurred in Nepal killed over 16 people.

Now we will explain what should the people should have prepared when an emergency natural disaster occurs.

This is an example of a proper earthquake survival kit and what it should contain.

Things that are needed in such a survival kit may include: Food, Water, Flashlight, First Aid Kit, Batteries, Mask, Glowsticks, Radio, Can Opener, Clothing, Hygeine Supplies, Water Purifier, Matches/Firestarter, Medicine, Knife, Blankets, Whistle, and a Tent.

Supplies.

Backpack/Bag: A backpack may be a sort of second-thought item when creating a survival kit, but it is absolutely essential. When you think about it, you need a way to transport you things. On multiple occasions, you may have to pack up and move away from a potentially dangerous situation or area and without a bag to carry your things in, it will be extremely difficult.

Water Bottles: As you could imagine, water is a very important resource, especially in a disaster. It can be used to cook, wash, clean, or help to sterilize minor wounds and injuries, like burns or scratches.

Knife/Multi-Purpose Tool: Always pack a knife, machete, hatchet or any multi-purpose tool in your survival kit, as it may save your life. It can be used to make shelter if you have not found any, or brought as a weapon (what I mean by "weapon" is that when any wildlife attacks, or you want to kill an animal for consuming meanings, it would be much easier and safer to carry a weapon). The blade can also be heated and used to cauterize bad open wounds.

Canned/Dried Food: Always prepare at least five days worth of canned or dried food per person in case of this kind of disaster. You most likely will not be able to find anything edible in the mud and rubble caused by the earthquake.

Examples.

Flashlight/Lantern: You'll need a light-source to find your way out of the rubble, if you are trapped inside of your home by a mudslide, earthquake or other geographic disaster. Without one, it will be very difficult to even see what you are doing.

Can Opener: Now, this may already be on your multi-purpose tool, but if it isn't or you have decided on taking a knife instead, it would be wise to pack one of these. They function as the name says and may come in handy if your cans are like most, they don't have pop tabs.

Tent: If your home happens to have been destroyed by the natural disaster, it would be a great to have a tent packed. It would obviously provide you shelter, while the wreckage is searched.

Radio and a whistle.

Radio: Having a radio could be a huge help because it would be able to warn you of secondary disasters, and of search teams that may help find you or someone you love if you are torn apart.

Whistle: Though this may not seem like a very important supply, it most certainly is. If trapped in the rubble of your home, a whilstle could signal to searchers where you are and help them to find you before you are hurt.

For a way in and out we will advise the city and Kathmandu to take Purano Nailkap because it can serve a way in and out. It's also good because there is other stuff in the way to block mudslides and other events.

I will now show you important phone numbers below. These phone numbers are important because you will need to use them when in an emergency. I got these phone numbers from: www.visitnepal.com, which I will cite their sources at the bottom of this presentation.

This list of organization's phone numbers are very important because they can be used to help save someone's life, or even your life (if you are in Nepal).

Now that you understand what is needed for the key essential of life, and survival during a natural disaster in Nepal, I will now add additional websites in which you can actually help out Nepalis in real life. Here are some certified websites in which you can visit and donate money to help the refugees of Nepal, and help organizations provide food, water resources, and shelter for the victims.

Here are the websites: https://internationalmedicalcorps.org/nepal-earthquake https://www.guidestar.org/profile/76-0404723

International medical corps: Helping heal Nepal . (n.d.). Retrieved from https://internationalmedicalcorps.org/nepal-earthquake. This is a picture of a overseas volunteer medical personnel who is giving free health care to this little Nepali boy.
  • Citations (websites used for this entire presentation).
  • What are geohazards? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.learnz.org.nz/geohazards152/what-are-geohazards.
  • Copernicus: Emergency management services . (n.d.). Retrieved from http://emergency.copernicus.eu/mapping/list-of-components/EMSN012/EVACUATIONCONTINGENCYSCENARIO/ALL.
  • Important Phone Numbers . (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.visitnepal.com/travelers_guide/important_numbers.php.
  • Raffetery, J. F. (n.d.). Nepal Earthquake of 2015. Retrieved November 9, 2016, from https://www.britannica.com/topic/Nepal-earthquake-of-2015
  • Geohazards International . (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.guidestar.org/profile/76-0404723.
  • International medical corps: Helping heal Nepal . (n.d.). Retrieved from https://internationalmedicalcorps.org/nepal-earthquake

Credits:

Created with images by Global X - "Earthquake Survival Kit" • Boke9a - "hiking backpack hiking nature" • Brian Smithson (Old Geordie) - "Water" • raffaelesergi1977 - "Fox knife" • karenandbrademerson - "canning" • CITYEDV - "flashlight maglite light" • VasenkaPhotography - "Can Opener" • skeeze - "camping night tent" • France1978 - "Vintage TMK 10-Transistor AM Radio, Made in Japan" • katerha - "Whistle"

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