The common name is whitetail Deer, and the scientific name is odocoileus virginanus. It is a medium sized deer native to the north, central, and south america countries as far as peru and bolivia.
Kingdom- animal, Phylum- chordate, Class- mammal, Order- even-toed ungulate, Family- Deer, Genus- odocoileus, Species- odocoileus Virginianus.
They live in a variety of habitats consisting of hardwoods, croplands, brushlands, and pasturelands. They prefer an interspersed habitat including meadows, forested woodlots, brushy areas, and croplands.
They first evolved 3.9-3.5 million years ago
Three morphological and molecular relatives were moose, who were 7 feet tall and weighed 1600 pounds, Elk who had long legs, and caribou who had 2 toes on their hoofed feet.
Three homologous structures alike to the white-tail deer are the Chinese water deer, tufted deer, and the muntjac- they have enlarged canine teeth, and sharp tusks.
The homologous structure is an example of an organ or bone that appears in different animals. All three animals have enlarged canine teeth
Three vestigial structures that are alike to the white tail deer are the Irish elk-they have the largest antlers for defense, The stag-moose- they had a large body to fight off enemies, and the Bush-antlered deer- they had comb like antlers used for defense and fighting.
The vestigial structure are structures that have no apparent function and appear to be residual parts from a past ancestor.
Transitional fossils are any fossilized remains of a life form that exhibits traits common to both an ancestral group and its derived descendant group.