Reform Movements By Mitchell Martin and Isaac Heranandez // 3rd period

Education Reform

Children were not going to school because the cost of public school was too high. Horace Mann, a head of the state board of public education in Massachusetts, convinced citizens that education was essential for youth, and under his guidance, the citizens of Massachusetts voted to pay taxes to build better schools, to pay higher salaries for teachers, and open schools to train teachers.

Education has changed drastically over the years, with modern education appearing in the early 1900's

A picture of Horace Mann

FOundations of reform

Foundations of reform:

The foundations Of reform were...

Various movements that were intended to make life better and more equal for everyone. Movements include: the great awakening, transcendemtilism.

Leaders of this time included: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry David Thoreau, Scarlet Lette, Walt Whitman. These leaders inspired a new set of reform movements



White and black americans were speaking out against slavery in the 1800. Many felt that america couldn't promote "liberty and equality for all" withtout ending slavery. Abolitionist wanted to end slavery in america. Two well known abolitionist were Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth.

Temperance movement

The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Temperance movements criticize alcohol consumption, and this particular one completely banned the sale of alcohol in the Unites States. The temperance movement was a significant mass movement at this time and encouraged a general disdain from the consumption of alcohol.

Prison Reform

The prison reform started by a favor from Dorothea Dix. After Dix saw all these children and adults locked away in terrible conditions. A large number of people were imprisoned for not paying taxes. After touring other jails, Dix issued a report to the state legislature to issue these problems. Later on, mental hospitals were made for the mentally ill.

Womens rights

Women had little to no voice in politics. Women had no right to vote and could not hold office. Women could be abused with no consuquences. The seneca falls convention demanded equality for all women. This reform movement didnt happen over night, it took several years for states to give equal rights to women and also took several more years (1920) for women to get voting rights.

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