Jim crow LAW #1
The first Jim Crow law was based on a "separate but equal" treatment of black people. Laws physically separated black and white people in public places like restaurants, hotels, and theaters. Also, buses required black people to the back while white people got the front seats. The "separate but equal" policy did not treat black people equal at all.
Jim Crow law #2
Jim Crow Law prohibited the marriage of black and white people. This was called miscegenation and is now referred to interracial marriage. The states had different penalties for miscegenation, but many considered it a felony. The anti-miscegenation laws also prohibited cohabitation between whites and non-white groups. This was mainly black people but often included Native Americans and Asians.
The great depression
The Great Depression was a period from 1929 to 1939, and was the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world. It began after the stock market crash of October 1929, and it sent Wall Street into a panic and made millions of investors poor overnight. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. The Great Depression began in the United States but quickly turned into a worldwide economic disaster.
The great depresSion pictures
Abolishment Of slavery
Slavery was legal in all of the thirteen colonies in 1776. "By the start of the Civil War, four million people, nearly all of African descent, were held as slaves in 15 southern and border states. The slaves represented one-eighth of the U.S. population in 1860." The abolishment of slavery happened when the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified on December 6, 1865.
"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."
Lynching was the practice of murder by hanging without a legal trial. White people used lynching to intimidate black people by racial terrorism. "Lynchings in the United States rose in number after the American Civil War in the late 1800's, following the emancipation of slaves; they declined after 1939 but were recorded in the 1960's." Most lynchings were done to African American men in the South. "Whites enacted segregation and Jim Crow Laws to enforce blacks' second-class status." There was no exact count of recorded lynchings. However, the Tuskegee Institute estimated 3,446 black people being lynched between 1882 and 1968.