The history of Africa begins with the arrival of homosapiens, with early civilization in the Kingdom of Kush. During the early years, Islam (the religion of the Muslims) quickly spread west from Arabia to Egypt. Following the Second Battle of Dongo in the mid 7th century, Muslim Arab slave trade began. It didn't take long for Europeans to join in on the trade, sending Africans overseas. Colonization developed rapidly during the late 19th century. Africa was said to have around 10,000 different states, each with their own distinct customs and languages. Struggles for independence were met with decolonization following the Second World War. African history is often questioned due to the lack of written documentation.
Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa standing at 19,341 feet. Most probably wouldn't guess that the mountain is actually a huge stratovolcano! It has been forming for close to one million years, and is composed of ash, lave, pumice, and tephra. Mount Kili is made up of three volcanic cones: Kibo, Mawensi, and Shira. While Mawensi and Shira are extinct, Kibo is dormant, meaning it could erupt. Close to 300,000 people attempt to climb Kilimanjaro each year. Ideas of this adventure began with Yoanas Lauwo and Ludwig Purtscheller, the first team to successfully complete the climb. The mountains of Kilimanjaro provide its attemptees with five different routes, each of which hold a challenge of its very own.