Hawaii is the only American Island that is all on volcanic grounds. Honolulu lays on the debris of two prehistoric volcanoes, Waianae and Koolau. Honolulu takes up 86 square miles of the southeast coast on Oahu. Honolulu is 21.31 degrees north of the equator. From sea level up it is 2,013 feet. If you were to fly to Honolulu from Chicago, Illinois the trip would be 9 hours and 33 mins for a nonstop trip and 4,246 miles.
Honolulu was first founded by settlers in 900 AD, and the settlers were from Marquesa Islands, it was settled in 1100. British captain James Cook arrived in 1778, James' countryman, Captain William Brown, was credited for being the first to sail in the harbor of Honolulu in 1794. Christian missionaries followed settlement in 1820, these settlers came from New England, and tried to go against Polynesian rituals on the island. The European settlers brought over diseases such as small pox which killed off most of the native population. By 1890 settlers made a monarchy. 1891 King David Kalakaua died and left his sister to the throne. Queen Liliuokalani was their ruler until 1893 when she got over ruled by an American business man, which left the monarchy and built a provisional government.