Pablo Piccaso Yordanos Tesfaye

Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Malaga, Spain. His mother was Dona Maria Picasso y Lopez . His father was Don Jose Ruiz Blasco, who was a painter and art teacher. His father taught him how to draw and paint as a child. By the time he was 13 years old, he had lost all desire to do any school work.

Malaga, Spain

In 1895, at the age of 14, Picasso moved with his family to Barcelona, Spain. He applied to the prestigious School of Fine Arts. In spite of the strict rules and formality, Picasso began to skip class and spent time in the streets of Barcelona sketching the scenes.

Barcelona, Spain in 1895

In 1897, 16 years- old Picasso moved to Madrid to attend the Royal Academy of San Fernando. He did not appreciate the school's singular focus on classical subjects and techniques. Over again, Picasso began to skip class and wonder the city painting the view he saw.

Madrid, Spain

In 1899, Picasso moved back to Barcelona where he felt in love with crowd of artists.

Blue Period:

1901 - 1904

Pablo Picasso moved to Paris, France to open his own studio. Art critics and historians typically break Picasso's adults career into distinct period.

During this period, the color blue had dominated nearly all of Picasso's over these years. He was deeply hurt over the death of his close friend and was feeling lonely and depressed. he painted scenes of poverty, isolation and anguish in the shades of blue and green.

His most famous paintings of Picasso from this period are

Blue Nude
The Old Guitarist

and La Vie

Rose Period:

1904 - 1906

By 1905, picasso had overcome the depression that had previously weakened him. He fell in love with a beautiful model, Fernande Olivier. He introduced himself to warmer colors such as pink and reds.

His most famous paintings are

Family at Saltimbanques, 1905
Gertrude Stein, 1905-1906
Two Nudes, 1906



Picasso produced a painting unlike anything that profoundly influenced the direction of are in the 20th century.

In Cubist paintings, an objects are broken apart and reassembled in an abstract form, highlighting their composite geometric shapes and depicting them from multiple viewpoints.

Picasso's early Cubist famous paintings are

  • Analytic Cubist
Three Women, 1907
Bread and Fruit Dish on a Table, 1909
Girl with Mandolin, 1910

Classic period:

1918 - 1927

An outbreak of World War I, he grew more and became preoccupied with the depiction of reality.

Some of his famous works are

Three Women at the Spring, 1921
Two Women Running on the Beach/The Race, 1922
The Pipes of Pan, 1923



From 1927 onward, Picasso became caught up in a new philosophical and cultural movement.

One of his greatest painting of all time was completed in 1937. During the Spanish Civil War, German bombers attacked Basque town of Guernica supporting Francisco Franco. Outraged by this attack, Picasso painted "Guernica"


Painted in black, white and grays, the work is a testament to the horrors of war. It features several human-like figures in various states of anguish and terror.

It remains as one of the most moving and powerful anti-war paintings in the history.

Later Works:

After World War II, Picasso became more interested in politic. He joined the Communist Party and was twice honored with the International Lenin Peace Prize.

He was an international celebrity and the world's most famous living artist.

Later on, Picasso's paintings display simple, childlike imagery and crude technique. One of his later that was admired by many was "Self Portrait Facing Death" He used pencil and crayons and finished it a year before his death.

Self Portrait Facing Death
Interesting fact:

Picasso's full name is:

Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Crispín Crispiniano María de los Remedios de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz Picasso.

Created By
Yordanos Tesfaye


Created with images by Cea. - "[ P ] Pablo Picasso - Retrato de Modesto Castillo (1895)" • Cea. - "[ P ] Pablo Picasso - Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907)"

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