Medicine during the medieval period was very basic and limited, especially with serious illnesses, like the Black Death, that killed a third of the population. The physicians during this time were clueless as to what caused diseases and illnesses, while the Catholic Church accepted the thought that they were punishments from God for sinful behavior. There were also no antibiotics, making it nearly impossible to cure any disease or illness without them, but they still tried to treat different illnesses with different types of medication. Most medication, though, was created from herbs, spices and resins and given through pills, drinks, washes, baths, rubs, and ointments.
Physicians during the Middle Ages often used leeching or bled out patients to get rid of "bad" blood.
Arts & Architecture
Architecture, during this time, largely consisted of the design and construction of churches, monasteries, castles, and similar eclectic structures. Homes and other types of buildings were given less attention. Art that was created usually depicted passionate interest and idealistic expression of the Christian and Catholic faith. Architectural designs and their interior decor showed expressions of the deep religious faith of the people of the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages had different divisions of art starting with the Byzantine period (330- 1453), then the Early Christian period (330- 880), followed by the Romanesque and Norman period (800- 1150) and lastly the Gothic period (1150- 1500).
Charlemagne, referred to as the father of Europe, was a medieval emperor who ruled much of Europe from 768- 814. In 771, he became king of the fpFranks and strived to unite all Germanic people into one kingdom and convert them to Christianity. To accomplish this goal, much of his reign consisted of the engagement in warfare. In 800, Charlemagne was crowned emperor of the Romans, where he encouraged Carolingian Renaissance, a cultural and intellectual revival in Europe. After his death in 814, his empire rengukfed much of Western Europe and ensured the survival of Christianity in the West.
Land conquered by Charlemagne.
The Great Schism
Jerusalem during the Middle Ages.
After Emperor Constantine moved the capital of Rome to Byzantium, Germanic tribes invaded Europe shortly after. This resulted in the Western Church being based on Latin and the Eastern Church based on Greek. Eventually, there was a decline in literacy in the West, while the East had more universities and a literate populace due to Greek being a more flexible language. Also, as new people were evangelized in the West, they had to use Latin and looked to Rome for leadership. The East translated the Bible into the language of the people and later, became self-governing and independent from their mother church. The filioque controversy, the debate between the East and West on whether the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son or solely the Father, was the ultimate breaking point. The differences between the East and West caused a rift in the Church in 11 AD, leading to the creation of the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church.
The split between the Church.