8 Types of Government By: Ben Campanella

Monarchy

A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, usually a family called the dynasty, embodies the country's national identity and one of its members, called the monarch, exercises a role of sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic), to partial and restricted (constitutional monarchy), to completely autocratic (absolute monarchy)

Where It's used

Country - Monarch - Type of monarchy

Bahrain-King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa-Constitutional

Belgium-King Philippe (2013)-Constitutional

Bhutan-Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchukin-Constitutional

Brunei-Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah-Constitutional

Cambodia-King Norodom Sihamoni-Constitutional

Denmark-Queen Margrethe II-Constitutional

Japan-Emperor Akihito-Constitutional

Jordan-King Abdullah II-Constitutional

Kuwait-Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (2006)-Constitutional

Lesotho-King Letsie III-Constitutional

Oligarchy

Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power actually rests with a small number of people. These people might be distinguished by nobility, wealth, family ties, education or corporate, religious or military control. Such states are often controlled by a few prominent families who typically pass their influence from one generation to the next, but inheritance is not a necessary condition for the application of this term.

Where?

QUICK ANSWER

Some countries that have oligarchy governments include China, North Korea and Venezuela. The former Soviet Union was also considered to be an oligarchy.

Republic

Republic, form of government in which a state is ruled by representatives of the citizen body. Modern republics are founded on the idea that sovereignty rests with the people, though who is included and excluded from the category of the people has varied across history. Republic, form of government in which a state is ruled by representatives of the citizen body. Modern republics are founded on the idea that sovereignty rests with the people, though who is included and excluded from the category of the people has varied across history. Because citizens do not govern the state themselves but through representatives, republics may be distinguished from direct democracy, though modern representative democracies are by and large republics. The term republic may also be applied to any form of government in which the head of state is not a hereditary monarch.

Where?

A republic is used in almost all countries way to many to list click the button below to see a full list

Socialism

Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterized by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production; as well as the political ideologies, theories, and movements that aim to establish them. Social ownership may refer to forms of public, collective, or cooperative ownership; to citizen ownership of equity; or to any combination of these. Although there are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them,social ownership is the common element shared by its various forms.

Where?

People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Republic of India, United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Angola, Portuguese Republic, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Cooperative Republic of Guyana, Republic of Mozambique

Anarchy

Anarchy is the condition of a society, entity, group of people, or a single person that rejects hierarchy. The term originally meant leaderless, but in 1840, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon adopted the term in his treatise What Is Property? to refer to a new political philosophy, anarchism, which advocates stateless societies based on voluntary associations. In practical terms, anarchy can refer to the curtailment or abolition of traditional forms of government.

Where Is this used?

Currently Iceland has an anarchy government but its because there's such a small population but realistically no where actually uses this as a primary form of government.

Communism

A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. In political and social sciences, communism is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.

Where?

Current Communist Countries: China, Cuba, Laos, North Korea, and Vietnam.

Democracy

Democracy in modern usage, is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament. Democracy is sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority". Democracy was originally conceived in Classical Greece, where political representatives were chosen by a jury from amongst the male citizens: rich and poor.

Where?

three countries which use representative democracy are the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and Poland.

Dictatorship

Dictatorship is a form of government where a country or a group of countries is ruled by one person or political entity, and exercised through various mechanisms to ensure that the entity's power remains strong. A dictatorship is a type of authoritarianism, in which politicians regulate nearly every aspect of the public and private behavior of citizens. Dictatorship and totalitarianism societies generally employ political propaganda to decrease the influence of proponents of alternative governing systems.

Where?

There are about 25 country's that are ruled by a dictatorship but the most commonly know one is North Korea

They tell you what's good for you and if you dis-obey you get punished

Thank you

Created By
Student Benjamin Campanella
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by Unsplash - "statue of liberty landmark liberty" • WikiImages - "queen england elizabeth ii" • free pictures of money - "Money" • robert.claypool - "United States Flag" • Mark Surman - "Museum of Communism - Prague-13" • ClassicallyPrinted - "american flag american flag"

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