-Invented the wheel, which they used both to make pottery and to build a variety of vehicles.
We see and use wheels on our everyday lives and without them it would be difficult for us to transport to one place to another.
-Invented the plow which allowed them to increase their agricultural production.
The plow is one of the important agricultural implement since the beginning of history, used to turn and break up soil, to bury crop residues, and to help control weeds.
-The Sumerians devel- oped a math system based on the number 60.
Because of their system we still divide an hour into 60 minutes and a circle into 360 degrees.
-Created the first writing system allowing history to begin.They also used their writing system to write about daily events, to keep bussines accounts.Later on they used their writing skills to create laws and grammar as well as works of literature, such as stories, poems, and songs.
We use and see writing everyday and it's such a common thing for our world that has also helped us improve our communication skills, creative thinking, creativity and it is now a form to express our feelings, thoughts and personality.
Architecture and Geometry
-The Sumerians also learned to use geometry, which was necessary to build elaborate structures and irrigation systems.
We use geometry to create every building and structure around us.Geometry is important because the world is made up of different shapes and spaces.
-They made medicines from plants and minerals to help them treat or cure others.
Many of our medicines today come from minerals or plants such as Agrimophol,Convallatoxin,Morphine,Multivitamins and many other medicines.
-They developed many of the elements of our modern math system. For example, the indians were the first people to use a symbol for zero.
Without which modern math would not be possible.The number we use today are called Hindu-Arabic numerals because Indian scholars created them.
-They knew how to inject small amounts of viruses to inoculate, or protect, people against disease.
We now know this as vaccine which does the same thing as it did in their time. Vaccines are very important and more adavanced in our modern world because it has helped us prevent many diseases.
Aryabhata:He correctly argued that Earth rotates on its axis revolves around the sun.
Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the sun is what we currently know is correct but Aeryabhata did not get the enough credit for this contribution.
-Acupuncture-This practice involves inserting fine needles into skin at specific points to cure a disease and relieve pain.
Acupuncture is still used in our modern world to alleviate pain and to treat various physical, mental, and emotional conditions.
-The Chinese made paper by grinding plant fibers, such as hemp, into a paste.They then let the paste dry in sheets.To create "books" the chines connected several sheets of paper to create a long scroll.
Paper is extremely important to us now because it allows us to keep recording history and is a major way that our culture stores information.
-They invented the compass which was used for maintaining harmony and prosperity with one's environment and for telling the fortune.
We don't really use compass much right now but on earlier dates compass was used for navigation and orientation. But we now usually use GPS which also uses a compass.
-Seismograph:a device to measure earthquake tremors.Han emperors wanted to monitor earthquakes because they were seen as signs of heaven’s disapproval.
-We still use seismograph today to measure earthqueakes and without this invention we wouldn't be able to measure earthquakes althouh many scientists have switched to a digital.
-Greeks wrote histories to preserve the past and inform readers, they created another new form of writing for entertainment. That form was drama, the art of playwriting. Like many other elements of Greek culture, drama had its roots in Athens.
The earliest dramas were created as part of religious festivals honoring Dionysus, the god of wine and celebration. Most of these dramas consisted of a group of actors called a chorus who recited stories for the audience. Later,
as dramas became more complex, individual actors began to take on the roles of specific characters in the stories.
Over time, two distinct forms of drama were developed. The first was tragedy and the second one was Comedy.
Now days we love to read and see drama and it is such a common genre for us. There are lots of plays written and played today and it is a genre that many of enjoy.
-Socrates believed that life was not worth living unless it was examined and the truth about life was sought out.He also believed that there had to be certain standards for justice and punishment.In order to solve problems in life he invented the method Socratic Method.Which consists on making yourself questions.
The Socratic Method is commonly known as the Scientific Method which is widely used in the area of science.
-They invented the lever which helped them move a heavy or firmly fixed load with one end when pressure is applied to the other.
The lever can be today as we known as a steam engine ,an engine that uses the expansion or rapid condensation of steam to generate power.
-They developed the world’s first democracy. which provided them with stability.
Democracy is the form of government in the United States now days and it has become many countries form of government.Democracy provides its citizens with the most freedom, the most opportunity, the greatest prosperity, and the most comfortable life. It is also the most stable.
-The ancient Greeks built majestic and stately temples, like the Parthenon, that were characterized by proportional designs and the use of columns.
Many of our structures now days are made from columns which help support the structure and are very important when it comes to architecture.
Roman engineers constructed amazing roads, bridges, amphitheaters, public buildings.Such advances would not have been possible without the development of concrete, which made such large public structures possible. From concrete, the Romans built amazing structures that still stand today, some 2,000 years later.
Being one of the most versatile building materials in today's world, concrete is used in many forms of construction. Reinforced concrete was used to make building columns and decks in high rises . Concrete is often used in residential driveways, house foundations, walls, as well as many other uses such as paving and curb & gutter applications.
Aqueducts—man-made channels used to bring water to the cities. Without these aqueducts and a superior sewer system, Roman cities could not have grown as large as they did.
In modern engineering, the term aqueduct is used for any system of pipes, ditches, canals, tunnels, and other structures used for this purpose.Pipes carry pressurized and treated fresh water to a our houses and without them we wouldn't be able to have water services and it would change our life style.
The dominant Roman architectural advances, the round arch and the vault, allowed Romans to construct much larger buildings than earlier societies had.
Following the Roman model, both advances have been used for many centuries and are still seen in the architecture of many countries.The ruins of Roman buildings inspired generations of architects. Michelangelo used Roman models to design the dome of Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome in 1547, as did Thomas Jefferson when he built the library of the Uni- versity of Virginia. Many other examples of Roman architecture abound throughout mod- ern Europe and North America.
The Romans used a system called civil law, a form of law based on a written code of laws applied only to Roman citizens, and was bonded to religion; undeveloped, with attributes of strict formalism, symbolism, and conservatism
This civil law system was adopted by many countries in Europe after the empire fell. Centuries later, those nations carried their systems of law to colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. As a result, many countries in these regions have civil law systems today. Thus, although it has been modified over time, the Roman influence can be seen in the legal sys- tems of most of the world.
Several languages, called Romance languages, developed from Latin, the language of Rome.It became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire.
Every person speaking French, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, or Portuguese is speaking a language with its roots in the language of Rome. Even English, which developed from other languages, owes much of its vocabulary to Latin. Examples of words of direct Latin origin in English are et cetera, veto, and curriculum.