Essential Rules of Basic Photography Kendra Nunez

Rule of Thirds

Frame your image with the subject off center it's more pleasing to the eye and appears more natural than placing the subjext in the center.

The main focus of these photographs is the bird, it may not directly be the first thing you see because of the tree branches. The tree branches may be a "distraction".


Declutter the background, zoom in tight to eliminate background "distractions", or change your angle so your subject remains the focus of the image.

The main focus of this photograph are the two flowers, it is what you see first in the photo. The photograph is a little underexposed.

The main subject in focus is the sunflower, the depth of field is appropirate. The depth of field is shallow, only the flower is in focuse, but not the background.


Create a sense of movement by adding active space (the area your subject is facing) and eliminating dead space (the area behind your subject).

The photographs all show that the depth of field is shallow, and the background is blurred out. The main focus in these photographs are the first thing you see, it stands out and your eyes are drawn right to the subject rather than the background.

Leading Lines

Use architectual lines - walls, fences, roads, or any lines to lead the eye through the photograph and draw attention toward the main subject.

It was my intention to use the bus and the shed to use color sound. As she was wearing a white shirt, it made the bus look more effective and dominant. The depth of field is deep, everything is in focus, to capture some detail of the bus and the main subject.

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