US Constitution 6 Guided principles


The United States Constitution is a written document based on 6 principles; Popular Sovereignty, Limited Government, Separation of Powers, Federalism, Checks and Balances, and Representative Government. It was written in 1787 and because the already existing government recommended changes. The delegates were forming a totally new form of government and placing rights for the citizens of the US.

Popular Sovereignty

The people of the US are the source of the governments power. The Preamble is an example of this because the US citizens represent the governments power. Also the beginning of the constitution, "We the people..." proves that "We", the citizens, represent governments power.

Limited Government

Limited Government is a government that only has the powers that the constitution states, or gives it. In Art. II, Sec. 1, Cl. 1 it states that the president is chosen, or elected, for a set term in office. Also in Art. II, Sec. 1, Cl. 2, it states that each state appoints a number of electors according to senators and representatives but no person, in office of Trust or Profit, can be appointed an elector.

Separation of Powers

The power is divided into 3 branches; executive, judicial, and legislature. In Art. I, Sec. 1 it shows that all legislative power is vested in Congress of the United States. It consists of a senate and the House of Representatives. Another example in Art. II, Sec. 1, Cl. 1 shows that the executive power is vested in the President of the United States.


The principle of Federalism divides power between states and the federal government. It keeps and maintains the Balance of Power. An example of Federalism is in Art. I, Sec. 10, Cl. 1, the powers are denied of states. Another is in Art. I, Sec. 9, Cl. 5, the powers are denied of congress which means federal government can't create state taxes.

Checks and Balances

Checks and Balances proves that each branch of government can limit power of others. In Art. I, Sec. 2, Cl. 5 it shows that the House of Representatives can impeach the president. Another example is in Art. I, Sec. 3, Cl. 6, the senate has the sole power to try all impeachments.

Representative Government

The citizens of the United States elect representatives to make laws. An example of this principle is in Art. I, Sec. 2, Cl. 2 where the senator of representatives is an elector in the United States Court of Law. Another is in Art. I, Sec. 2, Cl. 1 shows that the House of Representatives is composed of members chosen every second year by the people.

Quick Quiz

1. When was the US Constitution written?

2. Does every US Citizen think the way that the writers of the Constitution thought?

3. What do you think would happen if the US Constitution wasn't written?

4. What is the point of view of the delegates who signed and wrote the US Constitution?

5. Do you believe in all the Principles of the Constitution? If not, which one(s) and why?

6. What is your interpretation of the Constitution?


Created with images by Beverly & Pack - "Public Domain, American Flag, Old Glory, Red White Blue, Stars & Stripes, The Star Spangled Banner" • Photographing Travis - "We The People..." • karen_neoh - "White House"

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