Emily Dickinson was born on December 10th 1830 in Amberst Massachusetts. She was born into a family with deep roots in New England. Her mother, Emily Norcross married Emily's father in 1828 and they had three children. William Austin Dickinson, Lavina Norcross, and the middle child, Emily. Emily's paternal grandfather, Samuel Dickinson, was the founder of Amherst College. Her father worked at the college as a state legislature. Niether Emily nor her sister had ever married, but they both lived together on the Homestead, which is now a museum, until their deaths.
Education and Poem Writing.
Emily was educated at Amherst College and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary. She began writing as a teenager and wrote poems throughout her whole life. After Emily's death, when her sister was going through her things, she found boxes of hundreds of poems that Emily had written and no one knew about. She hadn't became famous or discovered until after she had died.
Little of her work was published after her death, but what was, was edited to fit in the standards of time. Her first Poem was published in 1890. Emily is known for her poignant and compressed verse, which influenced 20th century poem writing.
Her early influences were Leonard Humphrey, the principal of Amherst Academy, and a family friend named Benjamin Franklin Newton. Benjamin sent her a book of poetry by Ralph Waldo Emerson. She wrote like Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Walt Whitman. She experimented with expression in order to free it from normal poem writing that everyone else did, so she was unique.
Emily died May 15th 1886, at age 55. She died of Bright's disease, which is a disease that involves chronic inflammation of the kidneys. But later, research said that her symptoms and medication predict that she could have died from high blood pressure, which could have lead to heart failure.
"Emily Dickinson." Poetry Foundation. 2016. https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems-and-poets/poets/detail/emily-dickinson
"Emily Dickinson Biography." bio. 2 Mar. 2016. http://www.biography.com/people/emily-dickinson-9274190#related-video-gallery